http://aggression.psychwiki.com/index.php?title=Special:Contributions/Doug&feed=atom&limit=50&target=Doug&year=&month=PsychWiki - A Collaborative Psychology Wiki - User contributions [en]2019-09-18T05:23:26ZFrom PsychWiki - A Collaborative Psychology Wiki MediaWiki 1.16.0http://aggression.psychwiki.com/wiki/Doug_StenstromDoug Stenstrom2017-05-06T21:41:29Z<p>Doug: </p>
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Research: <br />
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I have two research focuses: law/psychology and social/personality psychology. I conduct social/personality psychology research into factors influencing the perceptions of intergroup/interpersonal conflict, and in conjunction with my J.D. degree I conduct law/psychology research into legal decision making and how jurors/judges reach judgments. In each arena my thematic focus is on “Person x Situation” interactions and how the basic aspects of the ''person'' (e.g., affect, behavior, cognition, etc.) interact with the different aspects of ''situations'' to influence human nature.<br />
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Teaching:<br />
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Positive Psychology; Research Methods; Inferential Statistics; Psychology of Emotions and Motivation; Social Psychology<br><br />
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Tools: <br />
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I am also interested in developing tools to help people better understand and use psychology. [[PsychWiki_-_A_Collaborative_Psychology_Wiki_:About| PsychWiki]] was developed initially as a companion project to the [[USC | Professional Development meetings]] I started at the USC Psychology Department. No single person can master all the different aspects of professional life so PsychWiki is a way to share our unique experiences and skills for the collective benefit of everyone in the field. Hopefully, PsychWiki will be of benefit to our field as a way to create active collaboration and pool our collective resources. <br />
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Based upon the Person x Situation concept, I developed an organizing framework that articulates the components of individual differences and situational constraints upon affect, behavior, and cognition in order to integrate psychological research. Excerpts from a manuscript about the framework can be found [[Organizing Framework | here]]. The framework is useful to researchers as a way to generate research ideas and unify research projects, and I am planning on using the framework as an organizing structure for a psychology textbook.<br />
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Doug Stenstrom, JD, PhD<br><br />
[http://www.calstatela.edu/ California State University, Los Angeles] <br><br />
[http://www.calstatela.edu/academic/psych/ Department of Psychology] <br><br />
Associate Professor<br><br />
5151 State University Drive <br><br />
Los Angeles, California, 90032 <br><br />
email:[[Image:Email1.gif]]<br><br />
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[[Category:People]]</div>Doughttp://aggression.psychwiki.com/wiki/How_do_I_determine_whether_my_data_are_normal%3FHow do I determine whether my data are normal?2016-12-13T18:42:19Z<p>Doug: </p>
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<div>'''How do I determine whether my data are normal?'''<br />
*There are three interrelated approaches to determine normality, and all three should be conducted.<br />
*#Look at a histogram with the normal curve superimposed. A histogram provides useful graphical representation of the data. [[Image:Fe40.png]] - To provide a rough example of normality and non-normality, see the following histograms. The black line superimposed on the histograms represents the bell-shaped "normal" curve. Notice how the data for variable1 are normal, and the data for variable2 are non-normal. In this case, the non-normality is driven by the presence of an outlier. For more information about outliers, see [[What are outliers?]], [[Detecting Outliers - Univariate | How do I detect outliers?]], and [[Dealing with Outliers | How do I deal with outliers?]]. Problem -- All samples deviate somewhat from normal, so the question is how much deviation from the black line indicates “non-normality”? Unfortunately, graphical representations like histogram provide no hard-and-fast rules. After you have viewed many (many!) histograms, over time you will get a sense for the normality of data. <center><table><td>[[Image:V1hn0.png|350px]]</td><td>[[Image:V2hnn0.png|350px]]</td></table></center><br><br><br />
*#Look at the values of Skewness. '''Skewness''' involves the symmetry of the distribution. Skewness that is normal involves a perfectly symmetric distribution. A positively skewed distribution has scores clustered to the left, with the tail extending to the right. A negatively skewed distribution has scores clustered to the right, with the tail extending to the left. Skewness is 0 in a normal distribution, so the farther away from 0, the more non-normal the distribution. The question is “how much” skew render the data non-normal? This is an arbitrary determination, and sometimes difficult to interpret using the values of Skewness. [[Image:Fe40.png]] - The histogram above for variable1 represents perfect symmetry (skewness) and perfect peakedness (kurtosis); and the descriptive statistics below for variable1 parallel this information by reporting "0" for both skewness and kurtosis. The histogram above for variable2 represents positive skewness (tail extending to the right); and the descriptive statistics below for variable2 parallel this information. Problem -- The question is “how much” skew render the data non-normal? This is an arbitrary determination, and sometimes difficult to interpret using the values of Skewness. Luckily, there are more objective tests of normality, described next. <center><table><td>[[Image:V1d5tm.PNG|350px]]</td><td width=50></td><td>[[Image:V2d5tm.PNG|350px]]</td></table></center><br><br><br />
*#Look at established tests for normality that take into account both Skewness and Kurtosis simultaneously. The Kolmogorov-Smirnov test (K-S) and Shapiro-Wilk (S-W) test are designed to test normality by comparing your data to a normal distribution with the same mean and standard deviation of your sample. If the test is NOT significant, then the data are normal, so any value above .05 indicates normality. If the test is significant (less than .05), then the data are non-normal. [[Image:Fe40.png]] - See the data below which indicate variable1 is normal, and variable2 is non-normal. Also, keep in mind one limitation of the normality tests is that the larger the sample size, the more likely to get significant results. Thus, you may get significant results with only slight deviations from normality when sample sizes are large. <center>[[Image:V1v2tn.PNG]]</center><br><br><br />
*#Look at normality plots of the data. “Normal Q-Q Plot” provides a graphical way to determine the level of normality. The black line indicates the values your sample should adhere to if the distribution was normal. The dots are your actual data. If the dots fall exactly on the black line, then your data are normal. If they deviate from the black line, your data are non-normal. [[Image:Fe40.png]] - Notice how the data for variable1 fall along the line, whereas the data for variable2 deviate from the line. <center><table><td>[[Image:V1nqp0.png|350px]]</td><td width=50></td><td>[[Image:V2nqp0.png|350px]]</td></table></center><br><br><br />
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◄ Back to [[Analyzing Data]] page</div>Doughttp://aggression.psychwiki.com/wiki/Ways_to_Use_PsychWikiWays to Use PsychWiki2016-11-22T05:43:08Z<p>Doug: </p>
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<div>PsychWiki was created by psychologists as a '''tool for psychologists'''. For example... <br />
<br />
<br />
Each function is designed to be useful in some way - for the teacher, researcher, practitioner, administrator, student, etc.<br />
<br />
<br />
Teaching<br />
:* Create a class website ([[Research_Design_Fall_2007|example]])<br />
:* Organize individual assignments or class projects ([[Article Assignment Psy 422 Fall 2008|example]])<br />
:* Coordinate and instruct teaching assistants ([[Science of Happiness Class - Fall 2008 Labs|example]])<br />
:* Collaborative brainstorming ideas for courses ([[Happiness Education Course Ideas|example]])<br />
:* Collaborative articles that allow us to pool our field's collective knowledge on topics ([[Assessing Student Learning Gains Might Be Easier (And More Important) Than You Think|example]])<br />
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<br />
Research<br />
:* Develop and brainstorm research ideas in a new way ([[Conceptions of Justice/Fairness Scale|example]])<br />
:* Translate ideas into research designs with advice and feedback from experts in your area (example)<br />
:* If significant results, publicize your research and receive feedback (example)<br />
:* If non-significant results, post null findings or search for null findings in your area (example)<br />
:* Create your own Annotated Bibliography online for easy access (example)<br />
:* See comments about published research (example)<br />
:* Integrate your research with other similar research by category tags ([[Category Tags|example]])<br />
:* Connect to other researchers with shared research interests (example)<br />
:* Create your own webpage or see some of the work done in various labs ([[:Category:People|example]])<br />
:* Sharing concrete tools for doing research/statistics ([[Internet Research Tools|example]])<br />
:* Allowing users to ask questions of experts ([[Ask an Internet Research Question|example]])<br />
:* Pooling how the field as a whole treats different issues ([[What are considered the top journals in Social/Personality psychology? | example]])<br />
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<br />
Learning new things / and mentoring<br />
:* Learn from the advice of experts with hard-won insights ([[General tips, tricks, and advice for graduate school|example]])<br />
:* Avoid having to 're-invent the wheel' on important topics ([[What jobs exist?|example]] )<br />
:* Share and codify the important 'experiential' knowledge in our field ([[How to apply and write applications|example]])<br />
:* Create a lab group page ([[example]])<br />
:* Use for organizing professional development meetings ([[Using Psychwiki to enhance Professional Development Meetings at your school|example]])<br />
:* If a mentor, post to pages as a way to keep a constant and centralized source of information for your students (example)<br />
:* If a mentee, ask questions by typing it as a page title (example)<br />
<br />
<br />
Other <br />
:* Use for brownbags and speaker series ([[USC Social Psychology Brownbag Series|example]])<br />
:* Create a student group website ([[USC - Graduate Association of Students in Psychology|example]])<br />
:* Create an association website ([[CUR Psychology Division|example]])<br />
:* Organize events ([[USC Psych Department Coffee Hour|example]])<br />
:* Using to host group events (example)<br />
:* Posting online studies (example)<br />
:* Make collaborative notes from conferences ([[2006 Gallup Positive Psychology Summit|example]])</div>Doughttp://aggression.psychwiki.com/wiki/Ways_to_Use_PsychWikiWays to Use PsychWiki2016-11-22T05:42:37Z<p>Doug: </p>
<hr />
<div>PsychWiki was created by psychologists as a '''tool for psychologists'''. For example... <br />
<br />
<br />
Each function is designed to be useful in some way - for the teacher, researcher, practitioner, administrator, student, etc.<br />
<br />
<br />
Teaching<br />
:* Create a class website ([[Research_Design_Fall_2007|example]])<br />
:* Organize individual assignments or class projects ([[Article Assignment Psy 422 Fall 2008|example]])<br />
:* Coordinate and instruct teaching assistants ([[Science of Happiness Class - Fall 2008 Labs|example]])<br />
:* Collaborative brainstorming ideas for courses ([[Happiness Education Course Ideas|example]])<br />
:* Collaborative articles that allow us to pool our field's collective knowledge on topics ([[Assessing Student Learning Gains Might Be Easier (And More Important) Than You Think|example]])<br />
<br />
<br />
Research<br />
:* Develop and brainstorm research ideas in a new way ([[Conceptions of Justice/Fairness Scale|example]])<br />
:* Translate ideas into research designs with advice and feedback from experts in your area (example)<br />
:* If significant results, publicize your research and receive feedback (example)<br />
:* If non-significant results, post null findings or search for null findings in your area ([[:Category:Null Findings|example]])<br />
:* Create your own Annotated Bibliography online for easy access (example)<br />
:* See comments about published research (example)<br />
:* Integrate your research with other similar research by category tags ([[Category Tags|example]])<br />
:* Connect to other researchers with shared research interests (example)<br />
:* Create your own webpage or see some of the work done in various labs ([[:Category:People|example]])<br />
:* Sharing concrete tools for doing research/statistics ([[Internet Research Tools|example]])<br />
:* Allowing users to ask questions of experts ([[Ask an Internet Research Question|example]])<br />
:* Pooling how the field as a whole treats different issues ([[What are considered the top journals in Social/Personality psychology? | example]])<br />
<br />
<br />
Learning new things / and mentoring<br />
:* Learn from the advice of experts with hard-won insights ([[General tips, tricks, and advice for graduate school|example]])<br />
:* Avoid having to 're-invent the wheel' on important topics ([[What jobs exist?|example]] )<br />
:* Share and codify the important 'experiential' knowledge in our field ([[How to apply and write applications|example]])<br />
:* Create a lab group page ([[example]])<br />
:* Use for organizing professional development meetings ([[Using Psychwiki to enhance Professional Development Meetings at your school|example]])<br />
:* If a mentor, post to pages as a way to keep a constant and centralized source of information for your students (example)<br />
:* If a mentee, ask questions by typing it as a page title (example)<br />
<br />
<br />
Other <br />
:* Use for brownbags and speaker series ([[USC Social Psychology Brownbag Series|example]])<br />
:* Create a student group website ([[USC - Graduate Association of Students in Psychology|example]])<br />
:* Create an association website ([[CUR Psychology Division|example]])<br />
:* Organize events ([[USC Psych Department Coffee Hour|example]])<br />
:* Using to host group events (example)<br />
:* Posting online studies (example)<br />
:* Make collaborative notes from conferences ([[2006 Gallup Positive Psychology Summit|example]])</div>Doughttp://aggression.psychwiki.com/wiki/File:Process3.pngFile:Process3.png2016-11-22T05:41:28Z<p>Doug: Blanked the page</p>
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<div></div>Doughttp://aggression.psychwiki.com/wiki/Writing_a_PaperWriting a Paper2016-11-22T05:11:10Z<p>Doug: </p>
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*[[How do I write a Results section for Correlation?]]<br />
*[[How do I write a Results section for One-Way ANOVA?]]<br />
*[[How do I write a Results section for Two-Way ANOVA?]]<br />
*[[How do I write a Results section for Regression?]]<br />
*[[Literature Review|How to write a literature review]]<br />
*[[How to create an Annotated Bibliography]]<br />
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*[[How do you determine authorship order?]]<br />
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*[[How can plagiarism be prevented?]]<br />
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{{TabsBottomPP}}</div>Doughttp://aggression.psychwiki.com/wiki/Writing_a_PaperWriting a Paper2016-11-22T05:10:13Z<p>Doug: </p>
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*[[How do you determine authorship order?]]<br />
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*[[What are the consequences for committing plagiarism?]]<br />
*[[How can plagiarism be prevented?]]<br />
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*[[What is peer review?]]<br />
*[[What is the APA Manual?]]<br />
*[[What is plagiarism?]]<br />
*[[What is an abstract?]]<br />
*[[What is replication?]]<br />
*[[What is a manuscript?]]<br />
*[[What is a Review article?]]<br />
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{{TabsBottomPP}}</div>Doughttp://aggression.psychwiki.com/wiki/Writing_a_PaperWriting a Paper2016-11-22T05:08:28Z<p>Doug: </p>
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*[[How can plagiarism be prevented?]]<br />
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*[[How do you determine authorship order?]]<br />
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*[[What is peer review?]]<br />
*[[What is the APA Manual?]]<br />
*[[What is plagiarism?]]<br />
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*[[What is a manuscript?]]<br />
*[[What is a Review article?]]<br />
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{{TabsBottomPP}}</div>Doughttp://aggression.psychwiki.com/wiki/Writing_a_PaperWriting a Paper2016-11-22T05:07:48Z<p>Doug: </p>
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*[[How can plagiarism be prevented?]]<br />
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*[[How do you determine authorship order?]]<br />
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*[[What is peer review?]]<br />
*[[What is the APA Manual?]]<br />
*[[What is plagiarism?]]<br />
*[[What is an abstract?]]<br />
*[[What is replication?]]<br />
*[[What is a manuscript?]]<br />
*[[What is a Review article?]]<br />
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{{TabsBottomPP}}</div>Doughttp://aggression.psychwiki.com/wiki/Writing_a_PaperWriting a Paper2016-11-22T05:05:44Z<p>Doug: </p>
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*[[How do I write a Results section for Correlation?]]<br />
*[[How long should an abstract be?]]<br />
*[[What are the consequences for committing plagiarism?]]<br />
*[[How can plagiarism be prevented?]]<br />
*[[What are APA's Ethical Principles?]]<br />
*[[Why is it important to follow APA's Ethical Principles?]]<br />
*[[Where can I find the APA Manual?]]<br />
*[[Are all psychologists supposed to follow APA's Ethical Principles?]]<br />
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*[[Our_evolving_discussion_about_how_to_do_an_Annotated_Bibliography]]<br />
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*[[How do you determine authorship order?]]<br />
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*[[What is peer review?]]<br />
*[[What is the APA Manual?]]<br />
*[[What is plagiarism?]]<br />
*[[What is an abstract?]]<br />
*[[What is replication?]]<br />
*[[What is a manuscript?]]<br />
*[[What is a Review article?]]<br />
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{{TabsBottomPP}}</div>Doughttp://aggression.psychwiki.com/wiki/Publication_ProcessPublication Process2016-11-22T05:05:18Z<p>Doug: </p>
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<div>This section of PsychWiki started as a [http://www.psychwiki.com/wiki/Usc Professional Development Series] in the [http://www.usc.edu/schools/college/psyc/home/index.shtml Social Psychology Department] at the [http://www.usc.edu/ University of Southern California] so some of the information above arose from the collective effort of the students and professors at USC. (Learn how to use this wiki to enhance professional development meetings at your school by clicking [[Using Psychwiki to enhance Professional Development Meetings at your school | here]])<br />
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{| class="wikitable" <br />
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! Topics<br />
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| &nbsp;[[File:Q4a.jpg|14px]] [[Journals in Psychology|Where can I find a listing of journals in psychology?]]<br />
| &nbsp;[[File:Q4a.jpg|14px]] [[Journals in Social and Personality Psychology]]<br />
|- style="height:35px"<br />
| &nbsp;[[File:Q4a.jpg|14px]] [[What are considered the top journals in psychology?]]<br />
| &nbsp;[[File:Q4a.jpg|14px]] [[What are considered the top journals in Social/Personality psychology?]]<br />
|- style="height:35px"<br />
| &nbsp;[[File:Q4a.jpg|14px]] [[When would you want to publish in broad multidisciplinary journals?]]<br />
| &nbsp;[[File:Q4a.jpg|14px]] [[What are considered the ranking/ratings of all empirical journals in Social/Personality Psychology?]]<br />
|- style="height:35px"<br />
| &nbsp;[[File:Q4a.jpg|14px]] [[Will people outside my field know which are the best journals in my field?]]<br />
| &nbsp;[[File:Q4a.jpg|14px]] [[What are considered the ranking/ratings of review journals in Social/Personality Psychology?]]<br />
|- style="height:35px"<br />
| &nbsp;[[File:Q4a.jpg|14px]] [[What is the turn-around time for journals?]]<br />
| &nbsp;[[File:Q4a.jpg|14px]] *[[Why is peer review important?]]<br />
|- style="height:35px"<br />
| &nbsp;[[File:Q4a.jpg|14px]] [[How do I choose which journal to publish in?]]<br />
| &nbsp;[[File:Q4a.jpg|14px]] <br />
|- style="height:35px"<br />
| &nbsp;[[File:Q4a.jpg|14px]] [[What is the first step in trying to publish an article?]]<br />
| &nbsp;[[File:Q4a.jpg|14px]] [[Journal Review Process - AUTHOR point of view]]<br />
|- style="height:35px"<br />
| &nbsp;[[File:Q4a.jpg|14px]] [[Are there any tips or tricks to trying to publish an article?]]<br />
| &nbsp;[[File:Q4a.jpg|14px]] [[Journal Review Process - REVIEWER/EDITOR point of view]]<br />
|}<br />
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__NOTOC__</div>Doughttp://aggression.psychwiki.com/wiki/Analyzing_DataAnalyzing Data2016-11-22T02:50:56Z<p>Doug: </p>
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<div>{{TopAD|<br />
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How to conduct statistical tests...<br />
*[[How do I choose the appropriate statistical test for my data?]]<br />
*[[How do I create dummy variables?]]<br />
*[[How do I control for familywise error?]]<br />
*[[Meta-analysis|How do I conduct a meta-analysis?]]<br />
*[[Other questions about meta-analyses?]]<br />
*[[Mediation|How do I conduct meditational analysis?]]<br />
'''How to test interactions?'''<br />
*[[What is an Interaction?]]<br />
*[[Interaction between two continuous variables]]<br />
*[[Interaction between categorical and continuous variables]]<br />
'''How to transform continuous into categorical variables'''<br />
*[[Why transform continuous variables into categorical variables?]]<br />
*[[How to dichotomize variables?]]<br />
*[[Why cut into thirds or fourths instead of dichotomizing?]]<br />
'''How to create composites'''<br />
*[[How do I create a composite of items?]]<br />
*[[Why create a composite of items?]]<br />
*[[How do I know when it is appropriate to create a composite?]]<br />
*[[How do I create a composite with items with different scale ranges?]]<br />
*[[How do I create a composite with items labeled in opposite directions?]]<br />
'''How to detect and deal with outliers'''<br />
* [[What are outliers?]] <br />
* [[Should I check for outliers?]] <br />
* [[How can I tell if outliers are influencing my data?]] <br />
* [[Detecting Outliers - Univariate | How do I detect univariate outliers in my data?]] <br />
* [[Detecting Outliers - Multivariate | How do I detect bivariate and multivariate outliers in my data?]] <br />
* [[Dealing with Outliers | How do I deal with outliers?]] <br />
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Other types of practical questions... <br />
*[[When to use a one-tailed versus two-tailed test?]]<br />
*[[When to use univariate versus multivariate statistics?]]<br />
*[[If my correlational data is not linear, what do I do?]]<br />
*[[General tips|What are some overall tips/tricks when analyzing data?]] <br />
*[[What is considered marginally significant?]] <br />
*[[What is the difference between descriptive and inferential statistics?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between a type I and type II error?]]<br />
*[[How is a correlation different than a partial correlation?]]<br />
*[[What are the criticisms of hypothesis testing?]]<br />
*[[What is the purpose of graphing a scatterplot?]]<br />
*[[Computational Modeling|Why would you want to use a computational model?]]<br />
*[[What is a scatterplot?|What is the purpose of graphing a scatterplot?]]<br />
*[[What is linearity?|Why is linearity important?]]<br />
*[[Want help using SPSS?]]<br />
*[[What is "syntax" in SPSS?|Why use syntax in SPSS?]]<br />
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'''Data Screening''' <br />
* [[Purpose of Data Screening | What is the purpose of data screening/cleaning?]] <br />
* [[Data cleaning | What are the best tips/tricks for data cleaning?]] <br />
* [[Checking Data Entry|How to check for data entry errors?]]<br />
'''Missing Values''' <br />
* [[Missing Values | Why do missing values occur?]]<br />
* [[Problem of Missing Data | Why is missing data a problem?]]<br />
* [[Identifying Missing Data | How do I identify if missing values are random or non-random?]] <br />
* [[Dealing with Missing Data | How do I deal with missing data?]] <br />
'''Normality''' <br />
* [[What is "normality"?]] <br><br />
* [[Why is normality important?]] <br><br />
* [[How do I determine whether my data are normal?]] <br><br />
* [[How do I deal with non-normality?]] <br><br />
* [[How do I transform variables?]] <br><br />
<br />
}}<br />
<br />
{{TabsBottomAD}}</div>Doughttp://aggression.psychwiki.com/wiki/Analyzing_DataAnalyzing Data2016-11-22T02:50:00Z<p>Doug: </p>
<hr />
<div>{{TopAD|<br />
<br />
|Column1=<br />
How to conduct statistical tests...<br />
*[[How do I choose the appropriate statistical test for my data?]]<br />
*[[How do I create dummy variables?]]<br />
*[[How do I control for familywise error?]]<br />
*[[Meta-analysis|How do I conduct a meta-analysis?]]<br />
*[[Other questions about meta-analyses?]]<br />
*[[Mediation|How do I conduct meditational analysis?]]<br />
'''How to test interactions?'''<br />
*[[What is an Interaction?]]<br />
*[[Interaction between two continuous variables]]<br />
*[[Interaction between categorical and continuous variables]]<br />
'''How to transform continuous into categorical variables'''<br />
*[[Why transform continuous variables into categorical variables?]]<br />
*[[How to dichotomize variables?]]<br />
*[[Why cut into thirds or fourths instead of dichotomizing?]]<br />
'''How to create composites'''<br />
*[[How do I create a composite of items?]]<br />
*[[Why create a composite of items?]]<br />
*[[How do I know when it is appropriate to create a composite?]]<br />
*[[How do I create a composite with items with different scale ranges?]]<br />
*[[How do I create a composite with items labeled in opposite directions?]]<br />
<br />
<br />
|Column2=<br />
Other types of practical questions... <br />
*[[When to use a one-tailed versus two-tailed test?]]<br />
*[[When to use univariate versus multivariate statistics?]]<br />
*[[If my correlational data is not linear, what do I do?]]<br />
*[[General tips|What are some overall tips/tricks when analyzing data?]] <br />
*[[What is considered marginally significant?]] <br />
*[[What is the difference between descriptive and inferential statistics?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between a type I and type II error?]]<br />
*[[How is a correlation different than a partial correlation?]]<br />
*[[What are the criticisms of hypothesis testing?]]<br />
*[[What is the purpose of graphing a scatterplot?]]<br />
*[[Computational Modeling|Why would you want to use a computational model?]]<br />
*[[What is a scatterplot?|What is the purpose of graphing a scatterplot?]]<br />
*[[What is linearity?|Why is linearity important?]]<br />
*[[Want help using SPSS?]]<br />
*[[What is "syntax" in SPSS?|Why use syntax in SPSS?]]<br />
'''How to detect and deal with outliers'''<br />
* [[What are outliers?]] <br />
* [[Should I check for outliers?]] <br />
* [[How can I tell if outliers are influencing my data?]] <br />
* [[Detecting Outliers - Univariate | How do I detect univariate outliers in my data?]] <br />
* [[Detecting Outliers - Multivariate | How do I detect bivariate and multivariate outliers in my data?]] <br />
* [[Dealing with Outliers | How do I deal with outliers?]] <br />
<br />
'''Data Screening''' <br />
* [[Purpose of Data Screening | What is the purpose of data screening/cleaning?]] <br />
* [[Data cleaning | What are the best tips/tricks for data cleaning?]] <br />
* [[Checking Data Entry|How to check for data entry errors?]]<br />
'''Missing Values''' <br />
* [[Missing Values | Why do missing values occur?]]<br />
* [[Problem of Missing Data | Why is missing data a problem?]]<br />
* [[Identifying Missing Data | How do I identify if missing values are random or non-random?]] <br />
* [[Dealing with Missing Data | How do I deal with missing data?]] <br />
'''Normality''' <br />
* [[What is "normality"?]] <br><br />
* [[Why is normality important?]] <br><br />
* [[How do I determine whether my data are normal?]] <br><br />
* [[How do I deal with non-normality?]] <br><br />
* [[How do I transform variables?]] <br><br />
<br />
}}<br />
<br />
{{TabsBottomAD}}</div>Doughttp://aggression.psychwiki.com/wiki/Analyzing_DataAnalyzing Data2016-11-22T02:47:36Z<p>Doug: </p>
<hr />
<div>{{TopAD|<br />
<br />
|Column1=<br />
How to conduct statistical tests...<br />
*[[How do I choose the appropriate statistical test for my data?]]<br />
*[[How do I create dummy variables?]]<br />
*[[How do I control for familywise error?]]<br />
*[[Meta-analysis|How do I conduct a meta-analysis?]]<br />
*[[Other questions about meta-analyses?]]<br />
*[[Mediation|How do I conduct meditational analysis?]]<br />
'''How to test interactions?'''<br />
*[[What is an Interaction?]]<br />
*[[Interaction between two continuous variables]]<br />
*[[Interaction between categorical and continuous variables]]<br />
'''How to transform continuous into categorical variables'''<br />
*[[Why transform continuous variables into categorical variables?]]<br />
*[[How to dichotomize variables?]]<br />
*[[Why cut into thirds or fourths instead of dichotomizing?]]<br />
'''How to create composites'''<br />
*[[How do I create a composite of items?]]<br />
*[[Why create a composite of items?]]<br />
*[[How do I know when it is appropriate to create a composite?]]<br />
*[[How do I create a composite with items with different scale ranges?]]<br />
*[[How do I create a composite with items labeled in opposite directions?]]<br />
<br />
<br />
|Column2=<br />
Other types of practical questions... <br />
*[[When to use a one-tailed versus two-tailed test?]]<br />
*[[When to use univariate versus multivariate statistics?]]<br />
*[[If my correlational data is not linear, what do I do?]]<br />
*[[General tips|What are some overall tips/tricks when analyzing data?]] <br />
*[[What is considered marginally significant?]] <br />
*[[What is the difference between descriptive and inferential statistics?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between a type I and type II error?]]<br />
*[[How is a correlation different than a partial correlation?]]<br />
*[[What are the criticisms of hypothesis testing?]]<br />
*[[What is the purpose of graphing a scatterplot?]]<br />
*[[Computational Modeling|Why would you want to use a computational model?]]<br />
*[[What is a scatterplot?|What is the purpose of graphing a scatterplot?]]<br />
*[[What is linearity?|Why is linearity important?]]<br />
*[[Want help using SPSS?]]<br />
*[[What is "syntax" in SPSS?|Why use syntax in SPSS?]]<br />
<br />
<br />
'''Data Screening''' <br />
* [[Purpose of Data Screening | What is the purpose of data screening/cleaning?]] <br />
* [[Data cleaning | Tips/tricks for Data cleaning]] <br />
* [[Checking Data Entry]]<br />
'''Missing Values''' <br />
* [[Missing Values | Why do missing values occur?]]<br />
* [[Problem of Missing Data | Why is missing data a problem?]]<br />
* [[Identifying Missing Data | How do I identify if missing values are random or non-random?]] <br />
* [[Dealing with Missing Data | How do I deal with missing data?]] <br />
'''Outliers'''<br />
* [[What are outliers?]] <br />
* [[Should I check for outliers?]] <br />
* [[How can I tell if outliers are influencing my data?]] <br />
* [[Detecting Outliers - Univariate | How do I detect univariate outliers in my data?]] <br />
* [[Detecting Outliers - Multivariate | How do I detect bivariate and multivariate outliers in my data?]] <br />
* [[Dealing with Outliers | How do I deal with outliers?]] <br />
'''Normality''' <br />
* [[What is "normality"?]] <br><br />
* [[Why is normality important?]] <br><br />
* [[How do I determine whether my data are normal?]] <br><br />
* [[How do I deal with non-normality?]] <br><br />
* [[How do I transform variables?]] <br><br />
<br />
}}<br />
<br />
{{TabsBottomAD}}</div>Doughttp://aggression.psychwiki.com/wiki/How_is_a_correlation_different_than_a_partial_correlation%3FHow is a correlation different than a partial correlation?2016-11-22T02:46:02Z<p>Doug: Created page with "'''What is a correlation?''' * Correlation is the measure of the <u>strength</u> and <u>direction</u> of the relationship between the variables * Direction of the relationship ca..."</p>
<hr />
<div>'''What is a correlation?'''<br />
* Correlation is the measure of the <u>strength</u> and <u>direction</u> of the relationship between the variables<br />
* Direction of the relationship can be either positive or negative. Correlations can vary between -1 and 1. A positive relationship is indicated by a positive value (e.g., ranging from 0 to 1). A negative relationship is indicated by a negative value (e.g., ranging from 0 to -1). [[Image:Fe40.png]] - An example of a positive relationship is the relationship between height and weight. The higher the outcome on one variable, the higher the outcome on the other variable. [[Image:Fe40.png]] - An example of a negative relationship is the relationship between exercise and weight. The higher the outcome on one variable, the lower the outcome on the other variable.<br />
* Strength of the relationship is measured from 0 to 1/-1. The farther the value is away from 0, the stronger the relationship. The approximate criteria for strength is 0 for no effect, .1 for a small effect, .3 for a medium effect, and .5 for a large effect. Notice those values can be either positive or negative, depending upon the direction of the relationship, so a .2 and -.2 relationship indicate the same strength, but different direction<br />
<br />
'''What is a partial correlation?'''<br />
* Partial correlation is the relationship between two variables while controlling for a third variable. The purpose is to find the unique variance between two variables while eliminating the variance from a third variables. <br />
* You typically only conduct partial correlation when the third variable has shown a relationship to one or both of the primary variables. In other words, you typically first conduct correlational analysis on all variables so that you can see whether there are significant relationships amongst the variables, including any "third variables" that may have a significant relationship to the variables under investigation. <br />
* In addition to this statistical pre-requisite, you also want some theoretical reason why the third variable would be impacting the results. <br />
* You can conduct Partial Correlation with more than just 1 third-variable. You can include as many third-variables as you wish.<br />
<br />
<br />
'''Example of partial correlation:''' [[Image:Fe40.png]]<br />
* Output below is for the relationship between "commit1" and "commit3" while controlling for "prosecutor1". "Commit1" measures the participants beliefs about what percent of people brought to trial did in fact commit the crime. "Commit3" measures the participants beliefs about what percent of people convicted did in fact commit the crime. You would predict a positive relationship between those two variables. The top part of the output below represents the bivariate [[What is a correlation? | correlation]] between those two variables, r = .352, p = .000<br />
* "Prosecutor1" measures how well the participants trust/like Prosecutors. "Prosecutor1" is entered as the controlling variable because: (1) statistically, it shows significant relationship to both commit1 and commit3. You can see that significant relationship in the top part of the "Correlations" box below which presents the correlations without controlling for a third variable, (2) theoretically, it is possible that the reason why commit1 and commit3 are connected is because if participants like/trust Prosecutors they may thus be more likely to believe that the Prosecutor is correct and the defendants are guilty. <br />
* Thus, given this plausible (statistical and theoretical) third-variable relationship, it is interesting to note that controlling for "Prosecutor1" did not lower the strength of the relationship between commit1 and commit3 by that much because the outcome while controlling for prosecutor1 was r = .341, p < .001. In other words, the relationship between commit1 and commit3 is NOT due to subjects trusting/liking the prosecutor.<br />
<br />
::[[Image:Correlation11.PNG]]<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
----<br />
◄ Back to [[Analyzing Data]] page</div>Doughttp://aggression.psychwiki.com/wiki/Analyzing_DataAnalyzing Data2016-11-22T02:45:37Z<p>Doug: </p>
<hr />
<div>{{TopAD|<br />
<br />
|Column1=<br />
How to conduct statistical tests...<br />
*[[How do I choose the appropriate statistical test for my data?]]<br />
*[[How do I create dummy variables?]]<br />
*[[How do I control for familywise error?]]<br />
*[[Meta-analysis|How do I conduct a meta-analysis?]]<br />
*[[Other questions about meta-analyses?]]<br />
*[[Mediation|How do I conduct meditational analysis?]]<br />
'''How to test interactions?'''<br />
*[[What is an Interaction?]]<br />
*[[Interaction between two continuous variables]]<br />
*[[Interaction between categorical and continuous variables]]<br />
'''How to transform continuous into categorical variables'''<br />
*[[Why transform continuous variables into categorical variables?]]<br />
*[[How to dichotomize variables?]]<br />
*[[Why cut into thirds or fourths instead of dichotomizing?]]<br />
'''How to create composites'''<br />
*[[How do I create a composite of items?]]<br />
*[[Why create a composite of items?]]<br />
*[[How do I know when it is appropriate to create a composite?]]<br />
*[[How do I create a composite with items with different scale ranges?]]<br />
*[[How do I create a composite with items labeled in opposite directions?]]<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
*[[What is a correlation?]]<br />
*[[What is a partial correlation?]]<br />
<br />
<br />
|Column2=<br />
Other types of practical questions... <br />
*[[When to use a one-tailed versus two-tailed test?]]<br />
*[[When to use univariate versus multivariate statistics?]]<br />
*[[If my correlational data is not linear, what do I do?]]<br />
*[[General tips|What are some overall tips/tricks when analyzing data?]] <br />
*[[What is considered marginally significant?]] <br />
*[[What is the difference between descriptive and inferential statistics?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between a type I and type II error?]]<br />
*[[How is a correlation different than a partial correlation?]]<br />
*[[What are the criticisms of hypothesis testing?]]<br />
*[[What is the purpose of graphing a scatterplot?]]<br />
*[[Computational Modeling|Why would you want to use a computational model?]]<br />
*[[What is a scatterplot?|What is the purpose of graphing a scatterplot?]]<br />
*[[What is linearity?|Why is linearity important?]]<br />
*[[Want help using SPSS?]]<br />
*[[What is "syntax" in SPSS?|Why use syntax in SPSS?]]<br />
<br />
<br />
'''Data Screening''' <br />
* [[Purpose of Data Screening | What is the purpose of data screening/cleaning?]] <br />
* [[Data cleaning | Tips/tricks for Data cleaning]] <br />
* [[Checking Data Entry]]<br />
'''Missing Values''' <br />
* [[Missing Values | Why do missing values occur?]]<br />
* [[Problem of Missing Data | Why is missing data a problem?]]<br />
* [[Identifying Missing Data | How do I identify if missing values are random or non-random?]] <br />
* [[Dealing with Missing Data | How do I deal with missing data?]] <br />
'''Outliers'''<br />
* [[What are outliers?]] <br />
* [[Should I check for outliers?]] <br />
* [[How can I tell if outliers are influencing my data?]] <br />
* [[Detecting Outliers - Univariate | How do I detect univariate outliers in my data?]] <br />
* [[Detecting Outliers - Multivariate | How do I detect bivariate and multivariate outliers in my data?]] <br />
* [[Dealing with Outliers | How do I deal with outliers?]] <br />
'''Normality''' <br />
* [[What is "normality"?]] <br><br />
* [[Why is normality important?]] <br><br />
* [[How do I determine whether my data are normal?]] <br><br />
* [[How do I deal with non-normality?]] <br><br />
* [[How do I transform variables?]] <br><br />
<br />
}}<br />
<br />
{{TabsBottomAD}}</div>Doughttp://aggression.psychwiki.com/wiki/Analyzing_DataAnalyzing Data2016-11-22T02:37:04Z<p>Doug: </p>
<hr />
<div>{{TopAD|<br />
<br />
|Column1=<br />
How to conduct statistical tests...<br />
*[[How do I choose the appropriate statistical test for my data?]]<br />
*[[How do I create dummy variables?]]<br />
*[[How do I control for familywise error?]]<br />
*[[Meta-analysis|How do I conduct a meta-analysis?]]<br />
*[[Other questions about meta-analyses?]]<br />
*[[Mediation|How do I conduct meditational analysis?]]<br />
'''How to test interactions?'''<br />
*[[What is an Interaction?]]<br />
*[[Interaction between two continuous variables]]<br />
*[[Interaction between categorical and continuous variables]]<br />
'''How to transform continuous into categorical variables'''<br />
*[[Why transform continuous variables into categorical variables?]]<br />
*[[How to dichotomize variables?]]<br />
*[[Why cut into thirds or fourths instead of dichotomizing?]]<br />
'''How to create composites'''<br />
*[[How do I create a composite of items?]]<br />
*[[Why create a composite of items?]]<br />
*[[How do I know when it is appropriate to create a composite?]]<br />
*[[How do I create a composite with items with different scale ranges?]]<br />
*[[How do I create a composite with items labeled in opposite directions?]]<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
*'''Other'''<br />
- [[What is a scatterplot?]] <br><br />
- [[What is linearity?]] <br><br />
- [[Want help using SPSS?]] <br><br />
- [[What is "syntax" in SPSS?]] <br><br />
- [[Computational Modeling|What is Computational Modeling?]] <br><br />
- [[Rank-based nonparametric tests|What is a rank-based nonparametric test?]]<br />
*[[What is a correlation?]]<br />
*[[What is a partial correlation?]]<br />
<br />
<br />
|Column2=<br />
Other types of practical questions... <br />
*[[When to use a one-tailed versus two-tailed test?]]<br />
*[[When to use univariate versus multivariate statistics?]]<br />
*[[If my correlational data is not linear, what do I do?]]<br />
*[[General tips|What are some overall tips/tricks when analyzing data?]] <br />
*[[What is considered marginally significant?]] <br />
*[[What is the difference between descriptive and inferential statistics?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between a type I and type II error?]]<br />
*[[What are the criticisms of hypothesis testing?]]<br />
<br />
<br />
'''Data Screening''' <br />
* [[Purpose of Data Screening | What is the purpose of data screening/cleaning?]] <br />
* [[Data cleaning | Tips/tricks for Data cleaning]] <br />
* [[Checking Data Entry]]<br />
'''Missing Values''' <br />
* [[Missing Values | Why do missing values occur?]]<br />
* [[Problem of Missing Data | Why is missing data a problem?]]<br />
* [[Identifying Missing Data | How do I identify if missing values are random or non-random?]] <br />
* [[Dealing with Missing Data | How do I deal with missing data?]] <br />
'''Outliers'''<br />
* [[What are outliers?]] <br />
* [[Should I check for outliers?]] <br />
* [[How can I tell if outliers are influencing my data?]] <br />
* [[Detecting Outliers - Univariate | How do I detect univariate outliers in my data?]] <br />
* [[Detecting Outliers - Multivariate | How do I detect bivariate and multivariate outliers in my data?]] <br />
* [[Dealing with Outliers | How do I deal with outliers?]] <br />
'''Normality''' <br />
* [[What is "normality"?]] <br><br />
* [[Why is normality important?]] <br><br />
* [[How do I determine whether my data are normal?]] <br><br />
* [[How do I deal with non-normality?]] <br><br />
* [[How do I transform variables?]] <br><br />
<br />
}}<br />
<br />
{{TabsBottomAD}}</div>Doughttp://aggression.psychwiki.com/wiki/Other_questions_about_meta-analyses%3FOther questions about meta-analyses?2016-11-22T02:34:54Z<p>Doug: Created page with "== <center> Step 2 - Locating Studies </center> == === How long should searching for articles take? === :It is to your advantage to conduct the searching for articles (Step 2) i..."</p>
<hr />
<div>== <center> Step 2 - Locating Studies </center> ==<br />
=== How long should searching for articles take? ===<br />
:It is to your advantage to conduct the searching for articles (Step 2) in a compact period of time because you will invariably come across the same abstract over and over again when using different search terms, so if you conduct the search in a compact period of time it will be easier to remember which abstracts you have already read (and decide to pass or keep)<br />
<br />
=== Why should I email listservs? ===<br />
:Emailing the relevant listserv for articles that are unpublished is another good way to update your search and find relevant works. Plus, you are in a sense “marking your territory” for that topic so it lets other researchers avoid wasting their time conducting the same meta analysis. Conversely, emailing the listserv will tell you if someone else is already doing the meta analysis.<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
== <center> Step 3 - Finding ES </center> == <br />
<br />
=== What to do about the issue of dependence of effect sizes? ===<br />
:Should you compute more than one ES per study? Best solution is to compute both ways. In some cases you might want to have data from same Ss be in two or more effect sizes. For example, if want to look at different types of DVs in relation to overall effect sizes, then if same Ss in same study filled out two or more DVs, then AFTER doing normal independent overall ES (where you only take 1 ES per study), do a second stage test of non-independence and coding more than one ES per Ss. (See Johnson and Eagely, 2000, page 519<br />
<br />
=== If only taking 1 ES per study, how to choose which one? ===<br />
:Either pick the one that is most common across the studies. Or, pick the average of the ES within the study.<br />
<br />
=== What if the primary study reports the effect size directly? ===<br />
:Should you use it, or should you try to compute the ES yourself based upon the statistical information from the article? First, try computing the ES yourself, and see how it compares to the ES reported in the study. Are they similar? However, keep in mind that some articles do not report enough statistical information to calculate the ES yourself, in which case you have to use the ES reported by the authors. Also, sometimes when computing the ES yourself from the statistical information in the article you encounter situations where you have imprecise statistical information, such as the authors reporting p < .05, in which you case must treat that as p = .05. In such a case, the ES you compute will be imprecise, and thus you may want to use the ES reported by the authors.<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
== <center> Step 4 - Analyzing Data </center> == <br />
<br />
=== Should I use fixed or random? ===<br />
:Start by looking at the output for “fixed. If “random” is significant, then means that there is variation not explained by moderators.<br />
<br />
=== How to interpret the Effect Sizes? ===<br />
:See Johnson and Eagley (2000) Quantitative synthesis.. page 520. see also Lipsey and Wilson (2001) Practical meta-analysis, page 146-<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
== <center> Step 5 - Moderators </center> ==<br />
<br />
=== How many moderators can I anlayze? ===<br />
:Meta is exploratory, so you can code for as many variables as you wish. Here is citation to support that statement (Guzzo, Jackson, and Katzell, 1987). Guzzo, R.A., Jackson, S.E., & Katzell, R. A. (1987). Meta-analysis analysis. In L. L. Cummings and B. M. Staw (eds.), Research in Organizational Behavior, Vol. 9, pp. 407-442. Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.<br />
<br />
=== Should the moderators be categorical or continuous? ===<br />
:Ideally, continuous. Why? Continuous scale ranges contain more data, so more power. Plus, you can convert a continuous variable into a categorical variable, but you can't do the reverse. Sometimes the variable itself dictates whether it is categorical or continuous. For example, gender as a moderating variable is categorical by design.<br />
<br />
=== Why should the coding sheet be in excel? ===<br />
:When creating the “coding sheet” that you give to coders and upon which they enter their codes, it is easiest for you if the coding sheet is an e-copy, such as excel, because the data is therefore already entered. <br />
<br />
=== Why would there be inconsistency in coders ratings? ===<br />
:Why would there be inconsistency? It may be a coding mistake. It may be because the coders are misunderstanding how to code the variable. You may want to have a third-party tie-breaker decide the issue. Try to not let the coder with the most dominant personality dictate how the issue is resolved. Some inconsistency is expected, which is why there are multiple coders.<br />
<br />
=== How to increase quality of coders/codings? === <br />
:Since coding can be boring, and there is a temptation to rush through the coding too quickly, impress upon the coder the seriousness of their impact on the study (because garbage-in garbage-out). You may also try impressing upon them the consequences of poor performance and how you are double checking their work (somehow?)</div>Doughttp://aggression.psychwiki.com/wiki/Analyzing_DataAnalyzing Data2016-11-22T02:34:36Z<p>Doug: </p>
<hr />
<div>{{TopAD|<br />
<br />
|Column1=<br />
How to conduct statistical tests...<br />
*[[How do I choose the appropriate statistical test for my data?]]<br />
*[[How do I create dummy variables?]]<br />
*[[How do I control for familywise error?]]<br />
*[[Meta-analysis|How do I conduct a meta-analysis?]]<br />
*[[Other questions about meta-analyses?]]<br />
*[[Mediation|How do I conduct meditational analysis?]]<br />
'''How to test interactions?'''<br />
*[[What is an Interaction?]]<br />
*[[Interaction between two continuous variables]]<br />
*[[Interaction between categorical and continuous variables]]<br />
<br />
<br />
*[[SLG-Meta-Q_%26_A]]<br />
<br />
<br />
*'''Other'''<br />
- [[What is a scatterplot?]] <br><br />
- [[What is linearity?]] <br><br />
- [[Want help using SPSS?]] <br><br />
- [[What is "syntax" in SPSS?]] <br><br />
- [[Computational Modeling|What is Computational Modeling?]] <br><br />
- [[Rank-based nonparametric tests|What is a rank-based nonparametric test?]]<br />
<br />
<br />
'''Transforming continuous into categorical variables'''<br />
- [[Why transform continuous variables into categorical variables?]] <br><br />
- [[How to dichotomize variables?]] <br><br />
- [[Why cut into thirds or fourths instead of dichotomizing?]] <br><br />
*'''Composites'''<br />
- [[How do I create a composite of items?]] <br><br />
- [[Why create a composite of items?]] <br><br />
- [[How do I know when it is appropriate to create a composite?]] <br><br />
- [[How do I create a composite with items with different scale ranges?]] <br><br />
- [[How do I create a composite with items labeled in opposite directions?]] <br><br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
*[[What is a correlation?]]<br />
*[[What is a partial correlation?]]<br />
<br />
<br />
|Column2=<br />
Other types of practical questions... <br />
*[[When to use a one-tailed versus two-tailed test?]]<br />
*[[When to use univariate versus multivariate statistics?]]<br />
*[[If my correlational data is not linear, what do I do?]]<br />
*[[General tips|What are some overall tips/tricks when analyzing data?]] <br />
*[[What is considered marginally significant?]] <br />
*[[What is the difference between descriptive and inferential statistics?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between a type I and type II error?]]<br />
*[[What are the criticisms of hypothesis testing?]]<br />
<br />
<br />
'''Data Screening''' <br />
* [[Purpose of Data Screening | What is the purpose of data screening/cleaning?]] <br />
* [[Data cleaning | Tips/tricks for Data cleaning]] <br />
* [[Checking Data Entry]]<br />
'''Missing Values''' <br />
* [[Missing Values | Why do missing values occur?]]<br />
* [[Problem of Missing Data | Why is missing data a problem?]]<br />
* [[Identifying Missing Data | How do I identify if missing values are random or non-random?]] <br />
* [[Dealing with Missing Data | How do I deal with missing data?]] <br />
'''Outliers'''<br />
* [[What are outliers?]] <br />
* [[Should I check for outliers?]] <br />
* [[How can I tell if outliers are influencing my data?]] <br />
* [[Detecting Outliers - Univariate | How do I detect univariate outliers in my data?]] <br />
* [[Detecting Outliers - Multivariate | How do I detect bivariate and multivariate outliers in my data?]] <br />
* [[Dealing with Outliers | How do I deal with outliers?]] <br />
'''Normality''' <br />
* [[What is "normality"?]] <br><br />
* [[Why is normality important?]] <br><br />
* [[How do I determine whether my data are normal?]] <br><br />
* [[How do I deal with non-normality?]] <br><br />
* [[How do I transform variables?]] <br><br />
<br />
}}<br />
<br />
{{TabsBottomAD}}</div>Doughttp://aggression.psychwiki.com/wiki/Analyzing_DataAnalyzing Data2016-11-22T02:29:07Z<p>Doug: </p>
<hr />
<div>{{TopAD|<br />
<br />
|Column1=<br />
How to conduct statistical tests...<br />
*[[How do I choose the appropriate statistical test for my data?]]<br />
*[[How do I create dummy variables?]]<br />
*[[How do I control for familywise error?]]<br />
*[[Meta-analysis|How do I conduct a meta-analysis?]]<br />
*[[Mediation|How do I conduct meditational analysis?]]<br />
'''How to test interactions?'''<br />
*[[What is an Interaction?]]<br />
*[[Interaction between two continuous variables]]<br />
*[[Interaction between categorical and continuous variables]]<br />
<br />
<br />
*[[SLG-Meta-Q_%26_A]]<br />
<br />
<br />
*'''Other'''<br />
- [[What is a scatterplot?]] <br><br />
- [[What is linearity?]] <br><br />
- [[Want help using SPSS?]] <br><br />
- [[What is "syntax" in SPSS?]] <br><br />
- [[Computational Modeling|What is Computational Modeling?]] <br><br />
- [[Rank-based nonparametric tests|What is a rank-based nonparametric test?]]<br />
<br />
<br />
'''Transforming continuous into categorical variables'''<br />
- [[Why transform continuous variables into categorical variables?]] <br><br />
- [[How to dichotomize variables?]] <br><br />
- [[Why cut into thirds or fourths instead of dichotomizing?]] <br><br />
*'''Composites'''<br />
- [[How do I create a composite of items?]] <br><br />
- [[Why create a composite of items?]] <br><br />
- [[How do I know when it is appropriate to create a composite?]] <br><br />
- [[How do I create a composite with items with different scale ranges?]] <br><br />
- [[How do I create a composite with items labeled in opposite directions?]] <br><br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
*[[What is a correlation?]]<br />
*[[What is a partial correlation?]]<br />
<br />
<br />
|Column2=<br />
Other types of practical questions... <br />
*[[When to use a one-tailed versus two-tailed test?]]<br />
*[[When to use univariate versus multivariate statistics?]]<br />
*[[If my correlational data is not linear, what do I do?]]<br />
*[[General tips|What are some overall tips/tricks when analyzing data?]] <br />
*[[What is considered marginally significant?]] <br />
*[[What is the difference between descriptive and inferential statistics?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between a type I and type II error?]]<br />
*[[What are the criticisms of hypothesis testing?]]<br />
<br />
<br />
'''Data Screening''' <br />
* [[Purpose of Data Screening | What is the purpose of data screening/cleaning?]] <br />
* [[Data cleaning | Tips/tricks for Data cleaning]] <br />
* [[Checking Data Entry]]<br />
'''Missing Values''' <br />
* [[Missing Values | Why do missing values occur?]]<br />
* [[Problem of Missing Data | Why is missing data a problem?]]<br />
* [[Identifying Missing Data | How do I identify if missing values are random or non-random?]] <br />
* [[Dealing with Missing Data | How do I deal with missing data?]] <br />
'''Outliers'''<br />
* [[What are outliers?]] <br />
* [[Should I check for outliers?]] <br />
* [[How can I tell if outliers are influencing my data?]] <br />
* [[Detecting Outliers - Univariate | How do I detect univariate outliers in my data?]] <br />
* [[Detecting Outliers - Multivariate | How do I detect bivariate and multivariate outliers in my data?]] <br />
* [[Dealing with Outliers | How do I deal with outliers?]] <br />
'''Normality''' <br />
* [[What is "normality"?]] <br><br />
* [[Why is normality important?]] <br><br />
* [[How do I determine whether my data are normal?]] <br><br />
* [[How do I deal with non-normality?]] <br><br />
* [[How do I transform variables?]] <br><br />
<br />
}}<br />
<br />
{{TabsBottomAD}}</div>Doughttp://aggression.psychwiki.com/wiki/Analyzing_DataAnalyzing Data2016-11-22T02:25:02Z<p>Doug: </p>
<hr />
<div>{{TopAD|<br />
<br />
|Column1=<br />
How to conduct statistical tests...<br />
*[[How do I choose the appropriate statistical test for my data?]]<br />
*[[How do I create dummy variables?]]<br />
*[[How do I control for familywise error?]]<br />
*[[Meta-analysis|How do I conduct a meta-analysis?]] <br><br />
*[[Mediation|How do I conduct meditational analysis?]] <br><br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
- [[What is an Interaction?]] <br><br />
- [[Interaction between two continuous variables]] <br><br />
- [[Interaction between categorical and continuous variables]] <br><br />
- [[What is a correlation?]] <br><br />
- [[What is a partial correlation?]] <br><br />
<br />
*[[SLG-Meta-Q_%26_A]]<br />
<br />
<br />
*'''Other'''<br />
- [[What is a scatterplot?]] <br><br />
- [[What is linearity?]] <br><br />
- [[Want help using SPSS?]] <br><br />
- [[What is "syntax" in SPSS?]] <br><br />
- [[Computational Modeling|What is Computational Modeling?]] <br><br />
- [[Rank-based nonparametric tests|What is a rank-based nonparametric test?]]<br />
*[[What is alpha?]]<br />
*[[What is a manipulation check?]]<br />
*[[How does one conduct a manipulation check?]]<br />
*'''Transforming continuous into categorical variables'''<br />
- [[Why transform continuous variables into categorical variables?]] <br><br />
- [[How to dichotomize variables?]] <br><br />
- [[Why cut into thirds or fourths instead of dichotomizing?]] <br><br />
*'''Composites'''<br />
- [[How do I create a composite of items?]] <br><br />
- [[Why create a composite of items?]] <br><br />
- [[How do I know when it is appropriate to create a composite?]] <br><br />
- [[How do I create a composite with items with different scale ranges?]] <br><br />
- [[How do I create a composite with items labeled in opposite directions?]] <br><br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
|Column2=<br />
Other types of practical questions... <br />
*[[When to use a one-tailed versus two-tailed test?]]<br />
*[[When to use univariate versus multivariate statistics?]]<br />
*[[If my correlational data is not linear, what do I do?]]<br />
*[[General tips|What are some overall tips/tricks when analyzing data?]] <br />
*[[What is considered marginally significant?]] <br />
*[[What is the difference between descriptive and inferential statistics?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between a type I and type II error?]]<br />
*[[What are the criticisms of hypothesis testing?]]<br />
<br />
<br />
'''Data Screening''' <br />
* [[Purpose of Data Screening | What is the purpose of data screening/cleaning?]] <br />
* [[Data cleaning | Tips/tricks for Data cleaning]] <br />
* [[Checking Data Entry]]<br />
'''Missing Values''' <br />
* [[Missing Values | Why do missing values occur?]]<br />
* [[Problem of Missing Data | Why is missing data a problem?]]<br />
* [[Identifying Missing Data | How do I identify if missing values are random or non-random?]] <br />
* [[Dealing with Missing Data | How do I deal with missing data?]] <br />
'''Outliers'''<br />
* [[What are outliers?]] <br />
* [[Should I check for outliers?]] <br />
* [[How can I tell if outliers are influencing my data?]] <br />
* [[Detecting Outliers - Univariate | How do I detect univariate outliers in my data?]] <br />
* [[Detecting Outliers - Multivariate | How do I detect bivariate and multivariate outliers in my data?]] <br />
* [[Dealing with Outliers | How do I deal with outliers?]] <br />
'''Normality''' <br />
* [[What is "normality"?]] <br><br />
* [[Why is normality important?]] <br><br />
* [[How do I determine whether my data are normal?]] <br><br />
* [[How do I deal with non-normality?]] <br><br />
* [[How do I transform variables?]] <br><br />
<br />
}}<br />
<br />
{{TabsBottomAD}}</div>Doughttp://aggression.psychwiki.com/wiki/Analyzing_DataAnalyzing Data2016-11-22T02:22:02Z<p>Doug: </p>
<hr />
<div>{{TopAD|<br />
<br />
|Column1=<br />
How to conduct statistical tests...<br />
*[[How do I choose the appropriate statistical test for my data?]]<br />
*[[How do I create dummy variables?]]<br />
*[[How do I control for familywise error?]]<br />
*[[Meta-analysis|How do I conduct a meta-analysis?]] <br><br />
*[[Mediation|How do I conduct meditational analysis?]] <br><br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
- [[What is an Interaction?]] <br><br />
- [[Interaction between two continuous variables]] <br><br />
- [[Interaction between categorical and continuous variables]] <br><br />
- [[What is a correlation?]] <br><br />
- [[What is a partial correlation?]] <br><br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
*[[What is the difference between a type I and type II error?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between floor effects and ceiling effects?]]<br />
*[[How is a linear relationship different from a nonlinear/curvilinear relationship?]]<br />
*[[Are linear relationships helpful or harmful to a study?]]<br />
*[[How is a positive linear relationship different from a negative linear relationship?]]<br />
*[[How does confounding impact the research?]]<br />
*[[How is validity different from reliability?]]<br />
*[[How is a between-subjects ANOVA different from a within-subjects ANOVA?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between bimodal distribution and unimodal distributions?]]<br />
*[[What are the advantages/disadvantages of secondary data analysis?]]<br />
*[[How is interitem reliability different than interobserver reliability? ]]<br />
*[[How is continuous data different than categorical data?]]<br />
*[[How does variability impact research findings?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between descriptive statistics and inferential statistics?]]<br />
*[[What are the criticisms of hypothesis testing?]]<br />
*[[How do I calculate a sample size?]]<br />
*[[When do I use univariate analysis?]]<br />
*[[When do I use multivariate analysis?]]<br />
<br />
*[[SLG-Meta-Q_%26_A]]<br />
*[[When do we use planned comparisons in research?]]<br />
<br />
<br />
*'''Other'''<br />
- [[What is a scatterplot?]] <br><br />
- [[What is linearity?]] <br><br />
- [[Want help using SPSS?]] <br><br />
- [[What is "syntax" in SPSS?]] <br><br />
- [[Computational Modeling|What is Computational Modeling?]] <br><br />
- [[Rank-based nonparametric tests|What is a rank-based nonparametric test?]]<br />
*[[What is alpha?]]<br />
*[[What is a manipulation check?]]<br />
*[[How does one conduct a manipulation check?]]<br />
*'''Transforming continuous into categorical variables'''<br />
- [[Why transform continuous variables into categorical variables?]] <br><br />
- [[How to dichotomize variables?]] <br><br />
- [[Why cut into thirds or fourths instead of dichotomizing?]] <br><br />
*'''Composites'''<br />
- [[How do I create a composite of items?]] <br><br />
- [[Why create a composite of items?]] <br><br />
- [[How do I know when it is appropriate to create a composite?]] <br><br />
- [[How do I create a composite with items with different scale ranges?]] <br><br />
- [[How do I create a composite with items labeled in opposite directions?]] <br><br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
|Column2=<br />
Other types of practical questions... <br />
*[[When to use a one-tailed versus two-tailed test?]]<br />
*[[When to use univariate versus multivariate statistics?]]<br />
*[[If my correlational data is not linear, what do I do?]]<br />
*[[General tips|What are some overall tips/tricks when analyzing data?]] <br />
*[[What is considered marginally significant?]] <br />
*[[What is the difference between descriptive and inferential statistics?]]<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
'''Data Screening''' <br />
* [[Purpose of Data Screening | What is the purpose of data screening/cleaning?]] <br />
* [[Data cleaning | Tips/tricks for Data cleaning]] <br />
* [[Checking Data Entry]]<br />
'''Missing Values''' <br />
* [[Missing Values | Why do missing values occur?]]<br />
* [[Problem of Missing Data | Why is missing data a problem?]]<br />
* [[Identifying Missing Data | How do I identify if missing values are random or non-random?]] <br />
* [[Dealing with Missing Data | How do I deal with missing data?]] <br />
'''Outliers'''<br />
* [[What are outliers?]] <br />
* [[Should I check for outliers?]] <br />
* [[How can I tell if outliers are influencing my data?]] <br />
* [[Detecting Outliers - Univariate | How do I detect univariate outliers in my data?]] <br />
* [[Detecting Outliers - Multivariate | How do I detect bivariate and multivariate outliers in my data?]] <br />
* [[Dealing with Outliers | How do I deal with outliers?]] <br />
'''Normality''' <br />
* [[What is "normality"?]] <br><br />
* [[Why is normality important?]] <br><br />
* [[How do I determine whether my data are normal?]] <br><br />
* [[How do I deal with non-normality?]] <br><br />
* [[How do I transform variables?]] <br><br />
<br />
}}<br />
<br />
{{TabsBottomAD}}</div>Doughttp://aggression.psychwiki.com/wiki/What_is_the_difference_between_descriptive_and_inferential_statistics%3FWhat is the difference between descriptive and inferential statistics?2016-11-22T02:16:59Z<p>Doug: </p>
<hr />
<div>'''Descriptive Statistics''' are a group of procedures that summarize data graphically and statistically. Descriptive statistics are designed to describe a sample, and is contrasted with Inferential Statistics which is designed to draw conclusions from the sample to the larger population. [[Image:Fe40.png]] - Imagine you conduct a study to determine whether males or females are happier. After collecting data on 1000 subjects you could use "Descriptive Statistics" to identify characteristics of the sample, such as the mean happiness levels, ranges of scores, standard deviation, and so forth; and you could use "Inferential Statistics" to identify if your sample of data generalizes toward the larger population of males and females beyond those in your study.<br />
<br />
'''Inferential Statistics''' are designed to draw conclusions about a population from a sample of data, and is contrasted with Descriptive Statistics which is designed to describe only the sample. [[Image:Fe40.png]] - Imagine you conduct a study to determine whether males or females are happier. After collecting data on 1000 subjects you could use "Descriptive Statistics" to identify characteristics of the sample, such as the mean happiness levels, ranges of scores, standard deviation, and so forth; and you could use "Inferential Statistics" to identify if your sample of data generalizes toward the larger population of males and females beyond those in your study.<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
'''What is the theory behind Inferential Statistics?''' If Inferential Statistics allow you to draw conclusions from a sample to the larger population, how do we know the conclusions are accurate? How researchers address that question is the heart of statistical reasoning: <br />
*We will never know with 100% confidence that the results of the study can generalize toward the intended population (unless and until we study the entire population) but we can determine the probability or percentage of our confidence in the accuracy of the study results by using probability distributions.<br />
*A probability distribution describes the frequency or probabilities that an event can take. [[Image:Fe40.png]] - If you flip a coin, there are two possible outcomes – Heads and Tails. So the probability of each one occurring is 1/2 or 50%. If you asked someone how likely it is that a flipped coin would come up heads, the answer is 50%. For a more complex example, think of a distribution of IQ scores. How likely is it that someone would score a 160? By using a probability distribution of IQ scores, such as the example one below, you could calculate the frequency of people who score 160 (or who score above 160, or who score below 80, and so forth). <center>[[Image:OUTPUT0.png|400px]]</center><br />
*Using probability distributions, statisticians have created a process for establishing the probability that the results from a sample are accurate of the population. Statisticians have created all possible probability distributions for every possible statistical situation. The process involves comparing your sample to the appropriate probability distribution. If there is a low probability that the results of your sample are due to chance, then we accept the results of the study as accurate to the population. <br />
*How low does the probability have to be? In the social sciences, researchers have agreed as a field upon a '''5% or less''' probability level. In other words, if there is less than a 5-percent probability that your results were due to chance, then we deem the results as "significant". Probability is written as "p", so significance is written as "p<u><</u>.05". <br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
----<br />
◄ Back to [[Analyzing Data]] page</div>Doughttp://aggression.psychwiki.com/wiki/What_is_the_difference_between_descriptive_and_inferential_statistics%3FWhat is the difference between descriptive and inferential statistics?2016-11-22T02:16:22Z<p>Doug: </p>
<hr />
<div>'''Descriptive Statistics''' are a group of procedures that summarize data graphically and statistically. Descriptive statistics are designed to describe a sample, and is contrasted with Inferential Statistics which is designed to draw conclusions from the sample to the larger population. [[Image:Fe40.png]] - Imagine you conduct a study to determine whether males or females are happier. After collecting data on 1000 subjects you could use "Descriptive Statistics" to identify characteristics of the sample, such as the mean happiness levels, ranges of scores, standard deviation, and so forth; and you could use "Inferential Statistics" to identify if your sample of data generalizes toward the larger population of males and females beyond those in your study.<br />
<br />
'''Inferential Statistics''' are designed to draw conclusions about a population from a sample of data, and is contrasted with [[Descriptive Statistics]] which is designed to describe only the sample. [[Image:Fe40.png]] - Imagine you conduct a study to determine whether males or females are happier. After collecting data on 1000 subjects you could use "Descriptive Statistics" to identify characteristics of the sample, such as the mean happiness levels, ranges of scores, standard deviation, and so forth; and you could use "Inferential Statistics" to identify if your sample of data generalizes toward the larger population of males and females beyond those in your study.<br />
<br />
<br />
'''What is the theory behind Inferential Statistics?''' If Inferential Statistics allow you to draw conclusions from a sample to the larger population, how do we know the conclusions are accurate? How researchers address that question is the heart of statistical reasoning: <br />
*We will never know with 100% confidence that the results of the study can generalize toward the intended population (unless and until we study the entire population) but we can determine the probability or percentage of our confidence in the accuracy of the study results by using probability distributions.<br />
*A probability distribution describes the frequency or probabilities that an event can take. [[Image:Fe40.png]] - If you flip a coin, there are two possible outcomes – Heads and Tails. So the probability of each one occurring is 1/2 or 50%. If you asked someone how likely it is that a flipped coin would come up heads, the answer is 50%. For a more complex example, think of a distribution of IQ scores. How likely is it that someone would score a 160? By using a probability distribution of IQ scores, such as the example one below, you could calculate the frequency of people who score 160 (or who score above 160, or who score below 80, and so forth). <center>[[Image:OUTPUT0.png|400px]]</center><br />
*Using probability distributions, statisticians have created a process for establishing the probability that the results from a sample are accurate of the population. Statisticians have created all possible probability distributions for every possible statistical situation. The process involves comparing your sample to the appropriate probability distribution. If there is a low probability that the results of your sample are due to chance, then we accept the results of the study as accurate to the population. <br />
*How low does the probability have to be? In the social sciences, researchers have agreed as a field upon a '''5% or less''' probability level. In other words, if there is less than a 5-percent probability that your results were due to chance, then we deem the results as "significant". Probability is written as "p", so significance is written as "p<u><</u>.05". <br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
----<br />
◄ Back to [[Analyzing Data]] page</div>Doughttp://aggression.psychwiki.com/wiki/What_is_the_difference_between_descriptive_and_inferential_statistics%3FWhat is the difference between descriptive and inferential statistics?2016-11-22T02:15:53Z<p>Doug: Created page with "'''Descriptive Statistics''' are a group of procedures that summarize data graphically and statistically. Descriptive statistics are designed to describe a sample, and is contras..."</p>
<hr />
<div>'''Descriptive Statistics''' are a group of procedures that summarize data graphically and statistically. Descriptive statistics are designed to describe a sample, and is contrasted with Inferential Statistics which is designed to draw conclusions from the sample to the larger population. [[Image:Fe40.png]] - Imagine you conduct a study to determine whether males or females are happier. After collecting data on 1000 subjects you could use "Descriptive Statistics" to identify characteristics of the sample, such as the mean happiness levels, ranges of scores, standard deviation, and so forth; and you could use "Inferential Statistics" to identify if your sample of data generalizes toward the larger population of males and females beyond those in your study.</div>Doughttp://aggression.psychwiki.com/wiki/Analyzing_DataAnalyzing Data2016-11-22T02:15:18Z<p>Doug: </p>
<hr />
<div>{{TopAD|<br />
<br />
|Column1=<br />
How to conduct statistical tests...<br />
*[[How do I choose the appropriate statistical test for my data?]]<br />
*[[How do I create dummy variables?]]<br />
*[[How do I control for familywise error?]]<br />
<br />
- [[Meta-analysis]] <br><br />
- [[Mediation]] <br><br />
- [[What is an Interaction?]] <br><br />
- [[Interaction between two continuous variables]] <br><br />
- [[Interaction between categorical and continuous variables]] <br><br />
- [[What is a correlation?]] <br><br />
- [[What is a partial correlation?]] <br><br />
- [[What is a point-biserial correlation?]] <br><br />
- [[What is regression?]] <br><br />
- [[What is analysis of covariance (ANCOVA)?]] <br><br />
*[[What is analysis of variance (ANOVA)?]]<br />
*[[What is a one-way ANOVA?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between one-way analysis of variance and two-way analysis of variance?]]<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
*[[What is the difference between a type I and type II error?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between floor effects and ceiling effects?]]<br />
*[[How is a linear relationship different from a nonlinear/curvilinear relationship?]]<br />
*[[Are linear relationships helpful or harmful to a study?]]<br />
*[[How is a positive linear relationship different from a negative linear relationship?]]<br />
*[[How does confounding impact the research?]]<br />
*[[How is validity different from reliability?]]<br />
*[[How is a between-subjects ANOVA different from a within-subjects ANOVA?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between bimodal distribution and unimodal distributions?]]<br />
*[[What are the advantages/disadvantages of secondary data analysis?]]<br />
*[[How is interitem reliability different than interobserver reliability? ]]<br />
*[[How is continuous data different than categorical data?]]<br />
*[[How does variability impact research findings?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between descriptive statistics and inferential statistics?]]<br />
*[[What are the criticisms of hypothesis testing?]]<br />
*[[How do I calculate a sample size?]]<br />
*[[When do I use univariate analysis?]]<br />
*[[When do I use multivariate analysis?]]<br />
<br />
*[[SLG-Meta-Q_%26_A]]<br />
*[[When do we use planned comparisons in research?]]<br />
<br />
<br />
*'''Other'''<br />
- [[What is a scatterplot?]] <br><br />
- [[What is linearity?]] <br><br />
- [[Want help using SPSS?]] <br><br />
- [[What is "syntax" in SPSS?]] <br><br />
- [[Computational Modeling|What is Computational Modeling?]] <br><br />
- [[Rank-based nonparametric tests|What is a rank-based nonparametric test?]]<br />
*[[What is alpha?]]<br />
*[[What is a manipulation check?]]<br />
*[[How does one conduct a manipulation check?]]<br />
*'''Transforming continuous into categorical variables'''<br />
- [[Why transform continuous variables into categorical variables?]] <br><br />
- [[How to dichotomize variables?]] <br><br />
- [[Why cut into thirds or fourths instead of dichotomizing?]] <br><br />
*'''Composites'''<br />
- [[How do I create a composite of items?]] <br><br />
- [[Why create a composite of items?]] <br><br />
- [[How do I know when it is appropriate to create a composite?]] <br><br />
- [[How do I create a composite with items with different scale ranges?]] <br><br />
- [[How do I create a composite with items labeled in opposite directions?]] <br><br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
|Column2=<br />
Other types of practical questions... <br />
*[[When to use a one-tailed versus two-tailed test?]]<br />
*[[When to use univariate versus multivariate statistics?]]<br />
*[[If my correlational data is not linear, what do I do?]]<br />
*[[General tips|What are some overall tips/tricks when analyzing data?]] <br />
*[[What is considered marginally significant?]] <br />
*[[What is the difference between descriptive and inferential statistics?]]<br />
* [[Descriptive Statistics | What are "Descriptive Statistics"?]] <br />
* [[Inferential Statistics | What are "Inferential Statistics"?]] <br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
'''Data Screening''' <br />
* [[Purpose of Data Screening | What is the purpose of data screening/cleaning?]] <br />
* [[Data cleaning | Tips/tricks for Data cleaning]] <br />
* [[Checking Data Entry]]<br />
'''Missing Values''' <br />
* [[Missing Values | Why do missing values occur?]]<br />
* [[Problem of Missing Data | Why is missing data a problem?]]<br />
* [[Identifying Missing Data | How do I identify if missing values are random or non-random?]] <br />
* [[Dealing with Missing Data | How do I deal with missing data?]] <br />
'''Outliers'''<br />
* [[What are outliers?]] <br />
* [[Should I check for outliers?]] <br />
* [[How can I tell if outliers are influencing my data?]] <br />
* [[Detecting Outliers - Univariate | How do I detect univariate outliers in my data?]] <br />
* [[Detecting Outliers - Multivariate | How do I detect bivariate and multivariate outliers in my data?]] <br />
* [[Dealing with Outliers | How do I deal with outliers?]] <br />
<span style="font-size:95%; font-weight: bold;">►</span> '''Normality''' <br><br />
* [[What is "normality"?]] <br><br />
* [[Why is normality important?]] <br><br />
* [[How do I determine whether my data are normal?]] <br><br />
* [[How do I deal with non-normality?]] <br><br />
* [[How do I transform variables?]] <br><br />
<br />
}}<br />
<br />
{{TabsBottomAD}}</div>Doughttp://aggression.psychwiki.com/wiki/General_tipsGeneral tips2016-11-22T02:13:45Z<p>Doug: </p>
<hr />
<div>General tips...<br />
<br />
* Helpful to run data in multiple ways to look for converging evidence of your results. When inconsistencies arise, track down the source.<br />
<br />
* Its appropriate to test for simple effects even if no omnibus interaction.<br />
<br />
* Data analysis should be planned BEFORE the study is conducted so as to ensure that the methodological design of the study permits the type of data analysis of interest to the investigator.<br />
<br />
*<br />
<br />
<br />
----<br />
◄ Back to [[Analyzing Data]] page</div>Doughttp://aggression.psychwiki.com/wiki/Analyzing_DataAnalyzing Data2016-11-22T02:07:26Z<p>Doug: </p>
<hr />
<div>{{TopAD|<br />
<br />
|Column1=<br />
How to conduct statistical tests...<br />
*[[How do I choose the appropriate statistical test for my data?]]<br />
*[[How do I create dummy variables?]]<br />
*[[How do I control for familywise error?]]<br />
<br />
- [[Meta-analysis]] <br><br />
- [[Mediation]] <br><br />
- [[What is an Interaction?]] <br><br />
- [[Interaction between two continuous variables]] <br><br />
- [[Interaction between categorical and continuous variables]] <br><br />
- [[What is a correlation?]] <br><br />
- [[What is a partial correlation?]] <br><br />
- [[What is a point-biserial correlation?]] <br><br />
- [[What is regression?]] <br><br />
- [[What is analysis of covariance (ANCOVA)?]] <br><br />
*[[What is analysis of variance (ANOVA)?]]<br />
*[[What is a one-way ANOVA?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between one-way analysis of variance and two-way analysis of variance?]]<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
*[[What is the difference between a type I and type II error?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between floor effects and ceiling effects?]]<br />
*[[How is a linear relationship different from a nonlinear/curvilinear relationship?]]<br />
*[[Are linear relationships helpful or harmful to a study?]]<br />
*[[How is a positive linear relationship different from a negative linear relationship?]]<br />
*[[How does confounding impact the research?]]<br />
*[[How is validity different from reliability?]]<br />
*[[How is a between-subjects ANOVA different from a within-subjects ANOVA?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between bimodal distribution and unimodal distributions?]]<br />
*[[What are the advantages/disadvantages of secondary data analysis?]]<br />
*[[How is interitem reliability different than interobserver reliability? ]]<br />
*[[How is continuous data different than categorical data?]]<br />
*[[How does variability impact research findings?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between descriptive statistics and inferential statistics?]]<br />
*[[What are the criticisms of hypothesis testing?]]<br />
*[[How do I calculate a sample size?]]<br />
*[[When do I use univariate analysis?]]<br />
*[[When do I use multivariate analysis?]]<br />
<br />
*[[SLG-Meta-Q_%26_A]]<br />
*[[When do we use planned comparisons in research?]]<br />
<br />
<br />
*'''Other'''<br />
- [[What is a scatterplot?]] <br><br />
- [[What is linearity?]] <br><br />
- [[Want help using SPSS?]] <br><br />
- [[What is "syntax" in SPSS?]] <br><br />
- [[Computational Modeling|What is Computational Modeling?]] <br><br />
- [[Rank-based nonparametric tests|What is a rank-based nonparametric test?]]<br />
*[[What is alpha?]]<br />
*[[What is a manipulation check?]]<br />
*[[How does one conduct a manipulation check?]]<br />
*'''Transforming continuous into categorical variables'''<br />
- [[Why transform continuous variables into categorical variables?]] <br><br />
- [[How to dichotomize variables?]] <br><br />
- [[Why cut into thirds or fourths instead of dichotomizing?]] <br><br />
*'''Composites'''<br />
- [[How do I create a composite of items?]] <br><br />
- [[Why create a composite of items?]] <br><br />
- [[How do I know when it is appropriate to create a composite?]] <br><br />
- [[How do I create a composite with items with different scale ranges?]] <br><br />
- [[How do I create a composite with items labeled in opposite directions?]] <br><br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
|Column2=<br />
Other types of practical questions... <br />
*[[When to use a one-tailed versus two-tailed test?]]<br />
*[[When to use univariate versus multivariate statistics?]]<br />
*[[If my correlational data is not linear, what do I do?]]<br />
<br />
<br />
'''General''' <br />
* [[General tips]] <br />
* [[Marginal significance]] <br />
* [[Tips/tricks for using SPSS]] <br />
* [[Descriptive Statistics | What are "Descriptive Statistics"?]] <br />
* [[Inferential Statistics | What are "Inferential Statistics"?]] <br />
'''Data Screening''' <br />
* [[Purpose of Data Screening | What is the purpose of data screening/cleaning?]] <br />
* [[Data cleaning | Tips/tricks for Data cleaning]] <br />
* [[Checking Data Entry]]<br />
'''Missing Values''' <br />
* [[Missing Values | Why do missing values occur?]]<br />
* [[Problem of Missing Data | Why is missing data a problem?]]<br />
* [[Identifying Missing Data | How do I identify if missing values are random or non-random?]] <br />
* [[Dealing with Missing Data | How do I deal with missing data?]] <br />
'''Outliers'''<br />
* [[What are outliers?]] <br />
* [[Should I check for outliers?]] <br />
* [[How can I tell if outliers are influencing my data?]] <br />
* [[Detecting Outliers - Univariate | How do I detect univariate outliers in my data?]] <br />
* [[Detecting Outliers - Multivariate | How do I detect bivariate and multivariate outliers in my data?]] <br />
* [[Dealing with Outliers | How do I deal with outliers?]] <br />
<span style="font-size:95%; font-weight: bold;">►</span> '''Normality''' <br><br />
* [[What is "normality"?]] <br><br />
* [[Why is normality important?]] <br><br />
* [[How do I determine whether my data are normal?]] <br><br />
* [[How do I deal with non-normality?]] <br><br />
* [[How do I transform variables?]] <br><br />
<br />
}}<br />
<br />
{{TabsBottomAD}}</div>Doughttp://aggression.psychwiki.com/wiki/Analyzing_DataAnalyzing Data2016-11-22T02:00:59Z<p>Doug: </p>
<hr />
<div>{{TopAD|<br />
<br />
|Column1=<br />
How to conduct statistical tests...<br />
*[[How do I choose the appropriate statistical test for my data?]]<br />
*[[How do I create dummy variables?]]<br />
*[[How do I control for familywise error?]]<br />
<br />
- [[Meta-analysis]] <br><br />
- [[Mediation]] <br><br />
- [[What is an Interaction?]] <br><br />
- [[Interaction between two continuous variables]] <br><br />
- [[Interaction between categorical and continuous variables]] <br><br />
- [[What is a correlation?]] <br><br />
- [[What is a partial correlation?]] <br><br />
- [[What is a point-biserial correlation?]] <br><br />
- [[What is regression?]] <br><br />
- [[What is analysis of covariance (ANCOVA)?]] <br><br />
*[[What is analysis of variance (ANOVA)?]]<br />
*[[What is a one-way ANOVA?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between one-way analysis of variance and two-way analysis of variance?]]<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
*[[What is the difference between a type I and type II error?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between floor effects and ceiling effects?]]<br />
*[[How is a linear relationship different from a nonlinear/curvilinear relationship?]]<br />
*[[Are linear relationships helpful or harmful to a study?]]<br />
*[[How is a positive linear relationship different from a negative linear relationship?]]<br />
*[[How does confounding impact the research?]]<br />
*[[How is validity different from reliability?]]<br />
*[[How is a between-subjects ANOVA different from a within-subjects ANOVA?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between bimodal distribution and unimodal distributions?]]<br />
*[[What are the advantages/disadvantages of secondary data analysis?]]<br />
*[[How is interitem reliability different than interobserver reliability? ]]<br />
*[[How is continuous data different than categorical data?]]<br />
*[[How does variability impact research findings?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between descriptive statistics and inferential statistics?]]<br />
*[[What are the criticisms of hypothesis testing?]]<br />
*[[How do I calculate a sample size?]]<br />
*[[When do I use univariate analysis?]]<br />
*[[When do I use multivariate analysis?]]<br />
<br />
*[[SLG-Meta-Q_%26_A]]<br />
*[[When do we use planned comparisons in research?]]<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
|Column2=<br />
Other types of practical questions... <br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
'''General''' <br />
* [[General tips]] <br />
* [[Marginal significance]] <br />
* [[Tips/tricks for using SPSS]] <br />
* [[Descriptive Statistics | What are "Descriptive Statistics"?]] <br />
* [[Inferential Statistics | What are "Inferential Statistics"?]] <br />
'''Data Screening''' <br />
* [[Purpose of Data Screening | What is the purpose of data screening/cleaning?]] <br />
* [[Data cleaning | Tips/tricks for Data cleaning]] <br />
* [[Checking Data Entry]]<br />
'''Missing Values''' <br />
* [[Missing Values | Why do missing values occur?]]<br />
* [[Problem of Missing Data | Why is missing data a problem?]]<br />
* [[Identifying Missing Data | How do I identify if missing values are random or non-random?]] <br />
* [[Dealing with Missing Data | How do I deal with missing data?]] <br />
'''Outliers'''<br />
* [[What are outliers?]] <br />
* [[Should I check for outliers?]] <br />
* [[How can I tell if outliers are influencing my data?]] <br />
* [[Detecting Outliers - Univariate | How do I detect univariate outliers in my data?]] <br />
* [[Detecting Outliers - Multivariate | How do I detect bivariate and multivariate outliers in my data?]] <br />
* [[Dealing with Outliers | How do I deal with outliers?]] <br />
<span style="font-size:95%; font-weight: bold;">►</span> '''Normality''' <br><br />
* [[What is "normality"?]] <br><br />
* [[Why is normality important?]] <br><br />
* [[How do I determine whether my data are normal?]] <br><br />
* [[How do I deal with non-normality?]] <br><br />
* [[How do I transform variables?]] <br><br />
*[[What is absolute change?]]<br />
*[[What is absolute difference?]]<br />
*[[What is the 68-95-99.7 rule?]]<br />
*[[What is absolute error?]]<br />
*[[What is boredom effect?]]<br />
*[[What is adjusted R^2?]]<br />
*[[What is bias?]]<br />
*[[What are the types of bias?]] <br />
*[[What is bimodal?]]<br />
*[[What is grand mean?]]<br />
*[[What is main effect?]]<br />
*[[What are floor effects?]]<br />
*[[What is the median?]]<br />
*[[Wnat is a normal distribution?]]<br />
*[[What is goodness-of-fit?]] <br />
*[[What is a Type I error?]] <br />
*[[What is a Type II error?]]<br />
*[[What is bivariate correlation?]] <br />
*[[What is test-retest reliability?]] <br />
*[[What is effect size?]]<br />
*[[What is the latent variable?]]<br />
*[[What are ceiling effects?]]<br />
*[[What is a positive linear relationship?]]<br />
*[[What is parsimony?]]<br />
*[[What is sampling error?]]<br />
*[[What is factorial ANOVA?]] <br />
*[[What is sampling bias?]]<br />
*[[What is a one-tailed test?]]<br />
*[[What is observer drift?]]<br />
*[[What is a one-tailed test?]]<br />
*[[What is the coefficient of determination?]]<br />
*[[What is correlation?]]<br />
*[[What is negative correlation?]]<br />
*[[What is univariate statistics?]]<br />
*[[What is central tendency?]]<br />
*[[What are the different types of central tendency?]]<br />
*[[What is a selection bias?]]<br />
*[[What is a linear relationship?]]<br />
*[[What is a nonlinear relationship?]]<br />
*[[What is a positive correlation?]]<br />
*[[What is an ecological fallacy?]]<br />
*[[What is inference?]]<br />
*[[What is a representative sample?]] <br />
*[[What is a direct relationship?]] <br />
*[[What is confirmation bias?]]<br />
*[[What is participation bias?]]<br />
*[[What is raw data?]]<br />
*[[What is a spurious relationship?]]<br />
<br />
*'''Other'''<br />
- [[What is a scatterplot?]] <br><br />
- [[What is linearity?]] <br><br />
- [[Want help using SPSS?]] <br><br />
- [[What is "syntax" in SPSS?]] <br><br />
- [[Computational Modeling|What is Computational Modeling?]] <br><br />
- [[Rank-based nonparametric tests|What is a rank-based nonparametric test?]]<br />
*[[What is alpha?]]<br />
*[[What is a manipulation check?]]<br />
*[[How does one conduct a manipulation check?]]<br />
*'''Transforming continuous into categorical variables'''<br />
- [[Why transform continuous variables into categorical variables?]] <br><br />
- [[How to dichotomize variables?]] <br><br />
- [[Why cut into thirds or fourths instead of dichotomizing?]] <br><br />
*'''Composites'''<br />
- [[How do I create a composite of items?]] <br><br />
- [[Why create a composite of items?]] <br><br />
- [[How do I know when it is appropriate to create a composite?]] <br><br />
- [[How do I create a composite with items with different scale ranges?]] <br><br />
- [[How do I create a composite with items labeled in opposite directions?]] <br><br />
<br />
<br />
}}<br />
<br />
{{TabsBottomAD}}</div>Doughttp://aggression.psychwiki.com/wiki/Analyzing_DataAnalyzing Data2016-11-22T01:55:10Z<p>Doug: </p>
<hr />
<div>{{TopAD|<br />
<br />
|Column1=<br />
How to...<br />
*[[What is the difference between a type I and type II error?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between floor effects and ceiling effects?]]<br />
*[[How is a linear relationship different from a nonlinear/curvilinear relationship?]]<br />
*[[Are linear relationships helpful or harmful to a study?]]<br />
*[[How is a positive linear relationship different from a negative linear relationship?]]<br />
*[[How does confounding impact the research?]]<br />
*[[How is validity different from reliability?]]<br />
*[[How is a between-subjects ANOVA different from a within-subjects ANOVA?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between bimodal distribution and unimodal distributions?]]<br />
*[[What are the advantages/disadvantages of secondary data analysis?]]<br />
*[[How is interitem reliability different than interobserver reliability? ]]<br />
*[[How is continuous data different than categorical data?]]<br />
*[[How does variability impact research findings?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between descriptive statistics and inferential statistics?]]<br />
*[[What are the criticisms of hypothesis testing?]]<br />
*[[How do I calculate a sample size?]]<br />
*[[When do I use univariate analysis?]]<br />
*[[When do I use multivariate analysis?]]<br />
*[[How do I choose the appropriate statistical test for my data?]]<br />
*[[How do I create dummy variables?]]<br />
*[[How do I control for familywise error?]]<br />
*[[SLG-Meta-Q_%26_A]]<br />
*[[When do we use planned comparisons in research?]]<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
|Column2=<br />
Other types of practical questions... <br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
'''General''' <br />
* [[General tips]] <br />
* [[Marginal significance]] <br />
* [[Tips/tricks for using SPSS]] <br />
* [[Descriptive Statistics | What are "Descriptive Statistics"?]] <br />
* [[Inferential Statistics | What are "Inferential Statistics"?]] <br />
'''Data Screening''' <br />
* [[Purpose of Data Screening | What is the purpose of data screening/cleaning?]] <br />
* [[Data cleaning | Tips/tricks for Data cleaning]] <br />
* [[Checking Data Entry]]<br />
'''Missing Values''' <br />
* [[Missing Values | Why do missing values occur?]]<br />
* [[Problem of Missing Data | Why is missing data a problem?]]<br />
* [[Identifying Missing Data | How do I identify if missing values are random or non-random?]] <br />
* [[Dealing with Missing Data | How do I deal with missing data?]] <br />
'''Outliers'''<br />
* [[What are outliers?]] <br />
* [[Should I check for outliers?]] <br />
* [[How can I tell if outliers are influencing my data?]] <br />
* [[Detecting Outliers - Univariate | How do I detect univariate outliers in my data?]] <br />
* [[Detecting Outliers - Multivariate | How do I detect bivariate and multivariate outliers in my data?]] <br />
* [[Dealing with Outliers | How do I deal with outliers?]] <br />
<span style="font-size:95%; font-weight: bold;">►</span> '''Normality''' <br><br />
* [[What is "normality"?]] <br><br />
* [[Why is normality important?]] <br><br />
* [[How do I determine whether my data are normal?]] <br><br />
* [[How do I deal with non-normality?]] <br><br />
* [[How do I transform variables?]] <br><br />
*[[What is absolute change?]]<br />
*[[What is absolute difference?]]<br />
*[[What is the 68-95-99.7 rule?]]<br />
*[[What is absolute error?]]<br />
*[[What is boredom effect?]]<br />
*[[What is adjusted R^2?]]<br />
*[[What is bias?]]<br />
*[[What are the types of bias?]] <br />
*[[What is bimodal?]]<br />
*[[What is grand mean?]]<br />
*[[What is main effect?]]<br />
*[[What are floor effects?]]<br />
*[[What is the median?]]<br />
*[[Wnat is a normal distribution?]]<br />
*[[What is goodness-of-fit?]] <br />
*[[What is a Type I error?]] <br />
*[[What is a Type II error?]]<br />
*[[What is bivariate correlation?]] <br />
*[[What is test-retest reliability?]] <br />
*[[What is effect size?]]<br />
*[[What is the latent variable?]]<br />
*[[What are ceiling effects?]]<br />
*[[What is a positive linear relationship?]]<br />
*[[What is parsimony?]]<br />
*[[What is sampling error?]]<br />
*[[What is factorial ANOVA?]] <br />
*[[What is sampling bias?]]<br />
*[[What is a one-tailed test?]]<br />
*[[What is observer drift?]]<br />
*[[What is a one-tailed test?]]<br />
*[[What is the coefficient of determination?]]<br />
*[[What is correlation?]]<br />
*[[What is negative correlation?]]<br />
*[[What is univariate statistics?]]<br />
*[[What is central tendency?]]<br />
*[[What are the different types of central tendency?]]<br />
*[[What is a selection bias?]]<br />
*[[What is a linear relationship?]]<br />
*[[What is a nonlinear relationship?]]<br />
*[[What is a positive correlation?]]<br />
*[[What is an ecological fallacy?]]<br />
*[[What is inference?]]<br />
*[[What is a representative sample?]] <br />
*[[What is a direct relationship?]] <br />
*[[What is confirmation bias?]]<br />
*[[What is participation bias?]]<br />
*[[What is raw data?]]<br />
*[[What is a spurious relationship?]]<br />
*'''Statistical Tests'''<br />
- [[Meta-analysis]] <br><br />
- [[Mediation]] <br><br />
- [[What is an Interaction?]] <br><br />
- [[Interaction between two continuous variables]] <br><br />
- [[Interaction between categorical and continuous variables]] <br><br />
- [[What is a correlation?]] <br><br />
- [[What is a partial correlation?]] <br><br />
- [[What is a point-biserial correlation?]] <br><br />
- [[What is regression?]] <br><br />
- [[What is analysis of covariance (ANCOVA)?]] <br><br />
*[[What is analysis of variance (ANOVA)?]]<br />
*[[What is a one-way ANOVA?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between one-way analysis of variance and two-way analysis of variance?]]<br />
*'''Other'''<br />
- [[What is a scatterplot?]] <br><br />
- [[What is linearity?]] <br><br />
- [[Want help using SPSS?]] <br><br />
- [[What is "syntax" in SPSS?]] <br><br />
- [[Computational Modeling|What is Computational Modeling?]] <br><br />
- [[Rank-based nonparametric tests|What is a rank-based nonparametric test?]]<br />
*[[What is alpha?]]<br />
*[[What is a manipulation check?]]<br />
*[[How does one conduct a manipulation check?]]<br />
*'''Transforming continuous into categorical variables'''<br />
- [[Why transform continuous variables into categorical variables?]] <br><br />
- [[How to dichotomize variables?]] <br><br />
- [[Why cut into thirds or fourths instead of dichotomizing?]] <br><br />
*'''Composites'''<br />
- [[How do I create a composite of items?]] <br><br />
- [[Why create a composite of items?]] <br><br />
- [[How do I know when it is appropriate to create a composite?]] <br><br />
- [[How do I create a composite with items with different scale ranges?]] <br><br />
- [[How do I create a composite with items labeled in opposite directions?]] <br><br />
<br />
<br />
}}<br />
<br />
{{TabsBottomAD}}</div>Doughttp://aggression.psychwiki.com/wiki/Collecting_DataCollecting Data2016-11-22T01:48:57Z<p>Doug: </p>
<hr />
<div>{{TopCD|<br />
<br />
|Column1=<br />
How to...<br />
*[[How to conduct random assignment to conditions?]]<br />
*[[How to conduct random sampling?]]<br />
*[[How to conduct a debriefing?]]<br />
*[[How do you control for attrition?]]<br />
*[[How do you perform snowball sampling?]]<br />
*[[How do you perform funnel questioning?]]<br />
*[[How to obtain informed consent?]]<br />
<br />
<br />
|Column2=<br />
Other types of practical questions... <br />
*[[Why use single-blind or double-blind procedures?]]<br />
*[[When should I use a distractor task in a study?]]<br />
*[[What are some tips/tricks when using confederates?]]<br />
*[[Are findings nullified if informed consent was not given during a study?]]<br />
*[[Research Tips | What are the best tips/tricks for collecting data?]]<br />
<b>(Internet Research)</b><br />
*[[Internet Research FAQ | Internet Research FAQ]] <br><br />
*[[When should you consider doing internet research?]] <br><br />
*[[What are the advantages/disadvantages of doing internet research?]] <br><br />
*[[How/where to build your online study]] <br><br />
*[[Where can I learn more about internet research?]]<br><br />
*[[Tips/tricks for conducting internet research]]<br><br />
*[[How to recruit subjects online?]]<br><br />
<br />
<br />
}}<br />
<br />
{{TabsBottomCD}}</div>Doughttp://aggression.psychwiki.com/wiki/Collecting_DataCollecting Data2016-11-22T01:47:55Z<p>Doug: </p>
<hr />
<div>{{TopCD|<br />
<br />
|Column1=<br />
How to...<br />
*[[How to conduct random assignment to conditions?]]<br />
*[[How to conduct random sampling?]]<br />
*[[How to conduct a debriefing?]]<br />
*[[How do you control for attrition?]]<br />
*[[How do you perform snowball sampling?]]<br />
*[[How do you perform funnel questioning?]]<br />
*[[How to obtain informed consent?]]<br />
<br />
<br />
|Column2=<br />
Other types of practical questions... <br />
*[[Why use single-blind or double-blind procedures?]]<br />
*[[When should I use a distractor task in a study?]]<br />
*[[What are some tips/tricks when using confederates?]]<br />
*[[Are findings nullified if informed consent was not given during a study?]]<br />
*[[Research Tips | What are the best tips/tricks for collecting data?]]<br />
<b>Internet Research</b><br />
*[[Internet Research FAQ | Internet Research FAQ]] <br><br />
*[[When should you consider doing internet research?]] <br><br />
*[[What are the advantages/disadvantages of doing internet research?]] <br><br />
*[[How/where to build your online study]] <br><br />
*[[Where can I learn more about internet research?]]<br><br />
*[[Tips/tricks for conducting internet research]]<br><br />
*[[How to recruit subjects online?]]<br><br />
<br />
<br />
}}<br />
<br />
{{TabsBottomCD}}</div>Doughttp://aggression.psychwiki.com/wiki/Collecting_DataCollecting Data2016-11-22T01:42:33Z<p>Doug: </p>
<hr />
<div>{{TopCD|<br />
<br />
|Column1=<br />
How to...<br />
*[[How to conduct random assignment to conditions?]]<br />
*[[How to conduct random sampling?]]<br />
*[[How to conduct a debriefing?]]<br />
*[[How do you control for attrition?]]<br />
*[[How do you perform snowball sampling?]]<br />
*[[How do you perform funnel questioning?]]<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
*[[How is acquiescent responding controlled for?]]<br />
*[[How do researchers know when subjects are engaging in acquiescent responding?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between a comparison group and a control group?]]<br />
*[[What would happen if one did not follow APA's Ethical Principles?]]<br />
*[[When is a pilot study conducted?]]<br />
*[[How are comparison groups useful to research?]]<br />
*[[How does social desirability affect research?]]<br />
*[[How is informed consent obtained?]]<br />
*[[How is a population different from a sample?]]<br />
*[[How does attrition impact my research findings?]]<br />
*[[How do we know when to conduct a field experiment?]]<br />
*[[How is debriefing performed?]]<br />
*[[How can Order Effects be prevented?]]<br />
*[[When should I be concerned with the Institutional Review Board?]]<br />
*[[What are the advantages/disadvantages of the Institutional Review Board?]]<br />
*[[How do you perform stratified random sampling?]]<br />
*[[How are confound checks performed?]]<br />
*[[Is debriefing mandatory?]]<br />
*[[How do you identify suppressor effects?]]<br />
*[[Where is the Hawthorne effect the most important in research?]]<br />
*[[When do we use quota sampling in experiments?]]<br />
*[[What are the advantages/disadvantages of debriefing an individual?]]<br />
*[[Do researchers have to inform subjects after the study of their deception?]]<br />
*[[What are the advantages/disadvantages of random assignment?]]<br />
*[[How does a researcher avoid sampling bias?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between a matched groups design and a mixed design?]]<br />
*[[What are the advantages/disadvantages of suspicion checks?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between qualitative research and quantitative research?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between random error and systematic error?]]<br />
*[[What are the advantages/disadvantages of random sampling?]]<br />
<br />
<br />
*[[Research Tips | Tips on conducting research - do's and dont's]]<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
|Column2=<br />
Other types of practical questions... <br />
*[[Why use single-blind or double-blind procedures?]]<br />
*[[When should I use a distractor task in a study?]]<br />
*[[What are some tips/tricks when using confederates?]]<br />
*[[Are findings nullified if informed consent was not given during a study?]]<br />
<b>Internet Research</b><br />
*[[Internet Research FAQ | Internet Research FAQ]] <br><br />
*[[When should you consider doing internet research?]] <br><br />
*[[What are the advantages/disadvantages of doing internet research?]] <br><br />
*[[How/where to build your online study]] <br><br />
*[[Where can I learn more about internet research?]]<br><br />
*[[Tips/tricks for conducting internet research]]<br><br />
*[[How to recruit subjects online?]]<br><br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
}}<br />
<br />
{{TabsBottomCD}}</div>Doughttp://aggression.psychwiki.com/wiki/Collecting_DataCollecting Data2016-11-22T01:38:20Z<p>Doug: </p>
<hr />
<div>{{TopCD|<br />
<br />
|Column1=<br />
How to...<br />
*[[How to conduct random assignment to conditions?]]<br />
*[[How to conduct random sampling?]]<br />
*[[How to conduct a debriefing?]]<br />
<br />
*Internet Research<br />
- [[Internet Research FAQ | Internet Research FAQ]] <br><br />
- [[When should you consider doing internet research?]] <br><br />
- [[What are the advantages/disadvantages of doing internet research?]] <br><br />
- [[How/where to build your online study]] <br><br />
- [[Where can I learn more about internet research?]]<br><br />
- [[Tips/tricks for conducting internet research]]<br><br />
- [[How to recruit subjects online?]]<br><br />
<br />
*[[How do you control for attrition?]]<br />
*[[How is acquiescent responding controlled for?]]<br />
*[[How do researchers know when subjects are engaging in acquiescent responding?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between a comparison group and a control group?]]<br />
*[[What would happen if one did not follow APA's Ethical Principles?]]<br />
*[[When is a pilot study conducted?]]<br />
*[[How are comparison groups useful to research?]]<br />
*[[How does social desirability affect research?]]<br />
*[[How is informed consent obtained?]]<br />
*[[How do you perform snowball sampling?]]<br />
*[[How is a population different from a sample?]]<br />
*[[How does attrition impact my research findings?]]<br />
*[[How do we know when to conduct a field experiment?]]<br />
*[[How is debriefing performed?]]<br />
*[[How can Order Effects be prevented?]]<br />
*[[When should I be concerned with the Institutional Review Board?]]<br />
*[[What are the advantages/disadvantages of the Institutional Review Board?]]<br />
*[[How do you perform stratified random sampling?]]<br />
*[[How are confound checks performed?]]<br />
*[[Is debriefing mandatory?]]<br />
*[[How do you perform funnel questioning?]]<br />
*[[How do you identify suppressor effects?]]<br />
*[[Where is the Hawthorne effect the most important in research?]]<br />
*[[When do we use quota sampling in experiments?]]<br />
*[[Are findings nullified if informed consent was not given during a study?]]<br />
*[[What are the advantages/disadvantages of debriefing an individual?]]<br />
*[[Do researchers have to inform subjects after the study of their deception?]]<br />
*[[What are the advantages/disadvantages of random assignment?]]<br />
*[[How does a researcher avoid sampling bias?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between a matched groups design and a mixed design?]]<br />
*[[What are the advantages/disadvantages of suspicion checks?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between qualitative research and quantitative research?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between random error and systematic error?]]<br />
*[[What are the advantages/disadvantages of random sampling?]]<br />
<br />
<br />
*[[Research Tips | Tips on conducting research - do's and dont's]]<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
|Column2=<br />
Other types of practical questions... <br />
*[[Why use single-blind or double-blind procedures?]]<br />
*[[When should I use a distractor task in a study?]]<br />
*[[What are some tips/tricks when using confederates?]]<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
}}<br />
<br />
{{TabsBottomCD}}</div>Doughttp://aggression.psychwiki.com/wiki/Collecting_DataCollecting Data2016-11-22T01:26:20Z<p>Doug: </p>
<hr />
<div>{{TopCD|<br />
<br />
|Column1=<br />
How to...<br />
<br />
<br />
*Internet Research<br />
- [[Internet Research FAQ | Internet Research FAQ]] <br><br />
- [[When should you consider doing internet research?]] <br><br />
- [[What are the advantages/disadvantages of doing internet research?]] <br><br />
- [[How/where to build your online study]] <br><br />
- [[Where can I learn more about internet research?]]<br><br />
- [[Tips/tricks for conducting internet research]]<br><br />
- [[How to recruit subjects online?]]<br><br />
<br />
*[[How do you control for attrition?]]<br />
*[[How is acquiescent responding controlled for?]]<br />
*[[How do researchers know when subjects are engaging in acquiescent responding?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between a comparison group and a control group?]]<br />
*[[What would happen if one did not follow APA's Ethical Principles?]]<br />
*[[When is a pilot study conducted?]]<br />
*[[How are comparison groups useful to research?]]<br />
*[[How does social desirability affect research?]]<br />
*[[How is informed consent obtained?]]<br />
*[[How do you perform snowball sampling?]]<br />
*[[How is a population different from a sample?]]<br />
*[[How does attrition impact my research findings?]]<br />
*[[How do we know when to conduct a field experiment?]]<br />
*[[How is debriefing performed?]]<br />
*[[How can Order Effects be prevented?]]<br />
*[[When should I be concerned with the Institutional Review Board?]]<br />
*[[What are the advantages/disadvantages of the Institutional Review Board?]]<br />
*[[How do you perform stratified random sampling?]]<br />
*[[How are confound checks performed?]]<br />
*[[Is debriefing mandatory?]]<br />
*[[How do you perform funnel questioning?]]<br />
*[[How do you identify suppressor effects?]]<br />
*[[Where is the Hawthorne effect the most important in research?]]<br />
*[[When do we use quota sampling in experiments?]]<br />
*[[Are findings nullified if informed consent was not given during a study?]]<br />
*[[What are the advantages/disadvantages of debriefing an individual?]]<br />
*[[Do researchers have to inform subjects after the study of their deception?]]<br />
*[[What are the advantages/disadvantages of random assignment?]]<br />
*[[How does a researcher avoid sampling bias?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between a matched groups design and a mixed design?]]<br />
*[[What are the advantages/disadvantages of suspicion checks?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between qualitative research and quantitative research?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between random error and systematic error?]]<br />
*[[What are the advantages/disadvantages of random sampling?]]<br />
<br />
<br />
*[[Research Tips | Tips on conducting research - do's and dont's]]<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
|Column2=<br />
Other types of practical questions... <br />
<br />
*[[Deception (methodological technique)]]<br />
*[[Content analysis]]<br />
*[[What is action research?]]<br />
*[[What is an analytic survey?]]<br />
*[[What is a cohort?]]<br />
*[[What is a cluster sample?]]<br />
*[[What is acquiescent responding?]]<br />
*[[What is availability sampling?]]<br />
*[[What is debriefing?]]<br />
*[[What is habituation?]]<br />
*[[What is single-blind study?]]<br />
*[[What are participants?]]<br />
*[[What are demand characteristics?]]<br />
*[[What are instrumentation effects?]]<br />
*[[What are nonreactive behavioral measures?]]<br />
*[[What are testing effects?]]<br />
*[[What is a field experiment?]]<br />
*[[What is a sample?]]<br />
*[[What is a contingency table?]]<br />
*[[What is deception?]]<br />
*[[What is a population?]]<br />
*[[What are panel studies?]]<br />
*[[What is a response set?]]<br />
*[[What is a p-value ? ]]<br />
*[[What is a distractor task?]]<br />
*[[What is a parameter?]]<br />
*[[What is social desirability?]]<br />
*[[What is continuous data?]]<br />
*[[What is sampling?]]<br />
*[[What is random assignment?]]<br />
*[[What are panel studies?]]<br />
*[[What is a completely randomized design?]]<br />
*[[What is a mixed design?]]<br />
*[[What is a functional relationship?]]<br />
*[[What is a quasi-experiment?]]<br />
*[[What is random assignment?]]<br />
*[[What is qualitative data?]]<br />
*[[What are quartiles?]]<br />
*[[What is evaluation apprehension?]]<br />
*[[What is nonequivalent control group?]]<br />
*[[What is probability sampling?]]<br />
*[[What is proportionate stratified sampling?]]<br />
*[[Counterbalancing | What is counterbalancing?]]<br />
*[[Replication | What is replication?]]<br />
*[[Random Sampling | What is random sampling?]]<br />
*[[What is an active control?]]<br />
*[[What is an alternate form reliability?]]<br />
*[[Convenience sampling | What is convenience sampling?]]<br />
*[[What is applied research?]]<br />
*[[What is archival research?]]<br />
*[[What is additive effects?]]<br />
*[[What are a-priori comparisons? ]]<br />
*[[What is between-group design?]]<br />
*[[What is a bar chart?]]<br />
*[[What is basic research?]]<br />
*[[What is a Hawthorne Effect?]]<br />
*[[What is a dependent variable?]]<br />
*[[What is informed consent?]]<br />
*[[What is random sampling?]]<br />
*[[What is continuous data?]]<br />
*[[What is probability?]]<br />
*[[What are Order Effects?]]<br />
*[[What are order effects?]]<br />
*[[What is an independent variable?]]<br />
*[[What is the Institutional Review Board (IRB)?]]<br />
*[[What is confidentiality?]]<br />
*[[What are confederates? ]]<br />
*[[What is a confidence interval?]]<br />
*[[What is a cell?]]<br />
*[[What are practice effects?]]<br />
*[[What is volunteer bias?]]<br />
*[[What is stratified random sampling?]]<br />
*[[What are the types of validity?]]<br />
*[[What are confound checks?]]<br />
*[[What is a sampling frame?]]<br />
*[[What is a quota sampling?]]<br />
*[[What is a purposive sampling ?]]<br />
*[[What is a funnel question?]]<br />
*[[What are self-report measures?]]<br />
*[[What is content analysis?]]<br />
*[[What are intervening variables?]]<br />
*[[What are non-symmetrical carry-over effects?]]<br />
*[[What is a group-administered survey?]]<br />
*[[What is a hypothetical construct?]]<br />
*[[What is a literal replication?]]<br />
*[[What is falsifiability?]]<br />
*[[What is a raw score?]]<br />
*[[What is maturation?]]<br />
*[[What is time sampling?]]<br />
*[[What are naïve experimenters?]]<br />
*[[What are retesting effects?]]<br />
*[[What are suppressor effects?]]<br />
*[[What is incomplete counterbalancing?]]<br />
*[[What is individual sampling?]]<br />
*[[What is non-probability sampling?]]<br />
*[[What is oversampling?]]<br />
*[[What is partial counterbalancing?]]<br />
*[[What is sampling with replacement?]]<br />
*[[How is sampling performed?]]<br />
*[[What is simple random sampling?]]<br />
*[[What is systematic random sampling?]]<br />
*[[What is a suspicion check?]]<br />
*[[What is a systematic error?]]<br />
*[[What is a treatment effect?]]<br />
*[[What is blocked random assignment?]]<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
}}<br />
<br />
{{TabsBottomCD}}</div>Doughttp://aggression.psychwiki.com/wiki/Research_DesignResearch Design2016-11-21T06:28:50Z<p>Doug: </p>
<hr />
<div>{{TopRD|<br />
<br />
|Column1=<br />
How to...<br />
*[[How to pick the correct research design for your study?]]<br />
*[[How to design manipulations without confounds?]]<br />
*[[How to craft open-ended questions?]]<br />
*[[How to craft closed-ended questions?]]<br />
*[[How is counterbalancing performed?]]<br />
*[[How can you avoid leading questions?]]<br />
*[[Self-report Questionnaires | How to find self-report questionnaires]]<br />
*[[How does a researcher establish experimental realism?]]<br />
<br />
|Column2=<br />
Other types of practical questions... <br />
*[[How do cover stories help a researcher obtain more honest reporting from a participant?]]<br />
*[[How is deception important for obtaining truthful information from a subject?]] <br />
*[[How is a between-subjects factor different from a within-subjects factor?]]<br />
*[[How does mundane realism affect a study?]]<br />
*[[Does every research study have bias?]]<br />
*[[Can we generalize findings to the population with a case study?]]<br />
*[[Do extraneous variables affect all research?]]<br />
*[[Why is exact replication important to the research process?]]<br />
*[[Archives of data and stimuli|Where can I find archives of data or stimuli to use in my research?]]<br />
*[[What are the best tips and tricks to avoid confounds/extraneous variables?]]<br />
*[[Should I conduct a pilot study beforehand, and why?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between a moderating variable and a mediating variable?]]<br />
<br />
}}<br />
{{TabsBottomRD}}</div>Doughttp://aggression.psychwiki.com/wiki/Research_DesignResearch Design2016-11-21T06:27:47Z<p>Doug: </p>
<hr />
<div>{{TopRD|<br />
<br />
|Column1=<br />
How to...<br />
*[[How to pick the correct research design for your study?]]<br />
*[[How to design manipulations without confounds?]]<br />
*[[How to craft open-ended questions?]]<br />
*[[How to craft closed-ended questions?]]<br />
*[[How is counterbalancing performed?]]<br />
*[[How can you avoid leading questions?]]<br />
*[[Self-report Questionnaires | How to find self-report questionnaires]]<br />
*[[How does a researcher establish experimental realism?]]<br />
*[[How to avoid attrition in your study?]]<br />
<br />
|Column2=<br />
Other types of practical questions... <br />
*[[How do cover stories help a researcher obtain more honest reporting from a participant?]]<br />
*[[How is deception important for obtaining truthful information from a subject?]] <br />
*[[How is a between-subjects factor different from a within-subjects factor?]]<br />
*[[How does mundane realism affect a study?]]<br />
*[[Does every research study have bias?]]<br />
*[[Can we generalize findings to the population with a case study?]]<br />
*[[Do extraneous variables affect all research?]]<br />
*[[Why is exact replication important to the research process?]]<br />
*[[Archives of data and stimuli|Where can I find archives of data or stimuli to use in my research?]]<br />
*[[What are the best tips and tricks to avoid confounds/extraneous variables?]]<br />
*[[Should I conduct a pilot study beforehand, and why?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between a moderating variable and a mediating variable?]]<br />
<br />
}}<br />
{{TabsBottomRD}}</div>Doughttp://aggression.psychwiki.com/wiki/Research_DesignResearch Design2016-11-21T06:27:17Z<p>Doug: </p>
<hr />
<div>{{TopRD|<br />
<br />
|Column1=<br />
How to...<br />
*[[How to pick the correct research design for your study?]]<br />
*[[How to design manipulations without confounds?]]<br />
*[[How to craft open-ended questions?]]<br />
*[[How to craft closed-ended questions?]]<br />
*[[How is counterbalancing performed?]]<br />
*[[How can you avoid leading questions?]]<br />
*[[Self-report Questionnaires | How to find self-report questionnaires]]<br />
*[[How does a researcher establish experimental realism?]]<br />
*[[How to avoid attrition in your study?]]<br />
<br />
<br />
|Column2=<br />
Other types of practical questions... <br />
*[[How do cover stories help a researcher obtain more honest reporting from a participant?]]<br />
*[[How is deception important for obtaining truthful information from a subject?]] <br />
*[[How is a between-subjects factor different from a within-subjects factor?]]<br />
*[[How does mundane realism affect a study?]]<br />
*[[Does every research study have bias?]]<br />
*[[Can we generalize findings to the population with a case study?]]<br />
*[[Do extraneous variables affect all research?]]<br />
*[[Why is exact replication important to the research process?]]<br />
*[[Archives of data and stimuli|Where can I find archives of data or stimuli to use in my research?]]<br />
*[[What are the best tips and tricks to avoid confounds/extraneous variables?]]<br />
*[[Should I conduct a pilot study beforehand, and why?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between a moderating variable and a mediating variable?]]<br />
<br />
}}<br />
<br />
{{TabsBottomRD}}</div>Doughttp://aggression.psychwiki.com/wiki/Research_DesignResearch Design2016-11-21T06:26:34Z<p>Doug: </p>
<hr />
<div>{{TopRD|<br />
<br />
|Column1=<br />
How to...<br />
*[[How to pick the correct research design for your study?]]<br />
*[[How to design manipulations without confounds?]]<br />
*[[How to craft open-ended questions?]]<br />
*[[How to craft closed-ended questions?]]<br />
*[[How is counterbalancing performed?]]<br />
*[[How can you avoid leading questions?]]<br />
*[[Self-report Questionnaires | How to find self-report questionnaires]]<br />
*[[How does a researcher establish experimental realism?]]<br />
*[[How to avoid attrition in your study?]]<br />
<br />
<br />
|Column2=<br />
Other types of practical questions... <br />
*[[How do cover stories help a researcher obtain more honest reporting from a participant?]]<br />
*[[How is deception important for obtaining truthful information from a subject?]] <br />
*[[How is a between-subjects factor different from a within-subjects factor?]]<br />
*[[How does mundane realism affect a study?]]<br />
*[[Does every research study have bias?]]<br />
*[[Can we generalize findings to the population with a case study?]]<br />
*[[Do extraneous variables affect all research?]]<br />
*[[Why is exact replication important to the research process?]]<br />
*[[Archives of data and stimuli|Where can I find archives of data or stimuli to use in my research?]]<br />
*[[What are the best tips and tricks to avoid confounds/extraneous variables?]]<br />
*[[Should I conduct a pilot study beforehand, and why?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between a moderating variable and a mediating variable?]]<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
*[[Content validity]]<br />
*[[Demand characteristics]]<br />
<br />
*[[What is a case study?]]<br />
*[[What is attrition?]]<br />
*[[What is anonymity?]]<br />
*[[What is a closed-ended question?]]<br />
*[[What is a double blind study?]]<br />
*[[What is a comparison group?]]<br />
*[[What is an experimental group?]]<br />
*[[What is a pretest-posttest design?]]<br />
*[[What is a pre-test?]]<br />
*[[What is a post-test?]]<br />
*[[What is a longitudinal design?]]<br />
*[[What is a variable?]]<br />
*[[What is cross-sectional design?]]<br />
*[[What is a carryover effect?]]<br />
*[[What is confounding?]]<br />
*[[What is convenience sampling?]]<br />
*[[What are factors?]]<br />
*[[What is a within-participants design?]]<br />
*[[What is a double-barreled question?]]<br />
*[[What are passive research designs?]]<br />
*[[What is a leading question?]] <br />
*[[What is an experiment?]]<br />
*[[What are subjects?]]<br />
*[[What are before-after research designs?]]<br />
*[[What are concepts?]]<br />
*[[What is a pilot study?]]<br />
*[[What is correlational research?]]<br />
*[[What are cohort effects?]]<br />
*[[What is counterbalancing?]]<br />
*[[What is a planned comparison?]] <br />
*[[What are experimental hypotheses?]]<br />
*[[What is related factorial design?]]<br />
*[[What is a controlled experiment?]]<br />
*[[What is a factorial design?]]<br />
*[[What is a condition?]]<br />
*[[What is a constant?]]<br />
*[[What is the likert scale?]]<br />
*[[What is a manipulation?]]<br />
*[[What is validity?]]<br />
*[[What is the scientific method?]]<br />
*[[What is observational research?]]<br />
*[[What is a cover story?]]<br />
*[[What is laboratory research?]]<br />
*[[What is a repeated measure design?]]<br />
*[[What is operationalization?]]<br />
*[[What is a selection bias? ]]<br />
*[[What are maturation threats?]]<br />
*[[What is constructive replication?]]<br />
*[[What is content validity?]]<br />
*[[What is differential attrition (mortality)?]]<br />
*[[What is ecological validity?]]<br />
*[[What is exploratory research?]]<br />
*[[What is measurement validity?]]<br />
*[[What is mundane realism?]]<br />
*[[What is Small N research?]]<br />
*[[What is temporal validity?]]<br />
*[[What is a baseline?]]<br />
*[[What is dichotomous?]]<br />
*[[What is a case-control study?]]<br />
*[[What is a control group?]]<br />
*[[What are A-B-A designs?]]<br />
*[[What is an open-ended question?]]<br />
*[[What is external validity?]]<br />
*[[What is face validity?]]<br />
*[[What is internal validity?]]<br />
*[[What is snowball sampling?]]<br />
*[[What are bivariate statistics?]]<br />
*[[What are conceptual variables?]]<br />
*[[What are intervening variables?]]<br />
*[[What is a pilot study?]]<br />
*[[What is a sampling frame?]]<br />
*[[What is concurrent validity?]]<br />
*[[What is convergent validity?]]<br />
*[[What is an extraneous variable?]]<br />
*[[What is construct validity?]]<br />
*[[What is predictive validity?]]<br />
*[[What is discriminant validity?]]<br />
*[[What is a literature review?]]<br />
*[[What is a box plot?]]<br />
*[[What is a moderating variable?]] <br />
*[[What is a mediator?]] <br />
*[[What is qualitative research?]]<br />
*[[What is quantitative research?]]<br />
*[[What is ethnography?]]<br />
*[[What is participatory action research ? ]]<br />
*[[What is a reversal design?]]<br />
*[[What is a multiple baseline design?]]<br />
*[[What is a nested design?]]<br />
*[[What is a data point?]]<br />
*[[What is inclusion criteria?]]<br />
*[[What is history effects?]]<br />
*[[What is a significance level?]]<br />
*[[What is the latin square design?]]<br />
*[[What is inductive research?]]<br />
*[[What is a dependent groups design?]]<br />
*[[What is a matched groups design?]]<br />
*[[What is a multi-factor experiment?]]<br />
*[[What is a time series design?]]<br />
*[[What is deductive research?]]<br />
*[[What is descriptive research?]]<br />
*[[What is historical research?]]<br />
*[[What is naturalistic research?]]<br />
*[[What is a single-subject design?]]<br />
*[[What is an environmental variable?]]<br />
*[[What is an unobtrusive measure?]]<br />
*[[What is an unstructured interview?]]<br />
*[[What is conceptual replication?]]<br />
*[[What is contamination?]]<br />
*[[What is exact replication?]]<br />
<br />
}}<br />
<br />
<br />
{{TabsBottomRD}}</div>Doughttp://aggression.psychwiki.com/wiki/Research_DesignResearch Design2016-11-21T06:23:19Z<p>Doug: </p>
<hr />
<div>{{TopRD|<br />
<br />
|Column1=<br />
How to...<br />
*[[How to pick the correct research design for your study?]]<br />
*[[How to design manipulations without confounds?]]<br />
*[[How to craft open-ended questions?]]<br />
*[[How to craft closed-ended questions?]]<br />
*[[How is counterbalancing performed?]]<br />
*[[How can you avoid leading questions?]]<br />
*[[Self-report Questionnaires | How to find self-report questionnaires]]<br />
*[[How does a researcher establish experimental realism?]]<br />
*[[How to avoid attrition in your study?]]<br />
<br />
<br />
|Column2=<br />
Other types of practical questions... <br />
*[[How do cover stories help a researcher obtain more honest reporting from a participant?]]<br />
*[[How is deception important for obtaining truthful information from a subject?]] <br />
*[[How is a between-subjects factor different from a within-subjects factor?]]<br />
*[[How does mundane realism affect a study?]]<br />
*[[Does every research study have bias?]]<br />
*[[Can we generalize findings to the population with a case study?]]<br />
*[[Do extraneous variables affect all research?]]<br />
*[[Why is exact replication important to the research process?]]<br />
*[[Archives of data and stimuli|Where can I find archives of data or stimuli to use in my research?]]<br />
*[[What are the best tips and tricks to avoid confounds/extraneous variables?]]<br />
*[[Should I conduct a pilot study beforehand, and why?]]<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
*[[Content validity]]<br />
*[[Demand characteristics]]<br />
<br />
*[[What is a case study?]]<br />
*[[What is attrition?]]<br />
*[[What is anonymity?]]<br />
*[[What is a closed-ended question?]]<br />
*[[What is a double blind study?]]<br />
*[[What is a comparison group?]]<br />
*[[What is an experimental group?]]<br />
*[[What is a pretest-posttest design?]]<br />
*[[What is a pre-test?]]<br />
*[[What is a post-test?]]<br />
*[[What is a longitudinal design?]]<br />
*[[What is a variable?]]<br />
*[[What is cross-sectional design?]]<br />
*[[What is a carryover effect?]]<br />
*[[What is confounding?]]<br />
*[[What is convenience sampling?]]<br />
*[[What are factors?]]<br />
*[[What is a within-participants design?]]<br />
*[[What is a double-barreled question?]]<br />
*[[What are passive research designs?]]<br />
*[[What is a leading question?]] <br />
*[[What is an experiment?]]<br />
*[[What are subjects?]]<br />
*[[What are before-after research designs?]]<br />
*[[What are concepts?]]<br />
*[[What is a pilot study?]]<br />
*[[What is correlational research?]]<br />
*[[What are cohort effects?]]<br />
*[[What is counterbalancing?]]<br />
*[[What is a planned comparison?]] <br />
*[[What are experimental hypotheses?]]<br />
*[[What is related factorial design?]]<br />
*[[What is a controlled experiment?]]<br />
*[[What is a factorial design?]]<br />
*[[What is a condition?]]<br />
*[[What is a constant?]]<br />
*[[What is the likert scale?]]<br />
*[[What is a manipulation?]]<br />
*[[What is validity?]]<br />
*[[What is the scientific method?]]<br />
*[[What is observational research?]]<br />
*[[What is a cover story?]]<br />
*[[What is laboratory research?]]<br />
*[[What is a repeated measure design?]]<br />
*[[What is operationalization?]]<br />
*[[What is a selection bias? ]]<br />
*[[What are maturation threats?]]<br />
*[[What is constructive replication?]]<br />
*[[What is content validity?]]<br />
*[[What is differential attrition (mortality)?]]<br />
*[[What is ecological validity?]]<br />
*[[What is exploratory research?]]<br />
*[[What is measurement validity?]]<br />
*[[What is mundane realism?]]<br />
*[[What is Small N research?]]<br />
*[[What is temporal validity?]]<br />
*[[What is a baseline?]]<br />
*[[What is dichotomous?]]<br />
*[[What is a case-control study?]]<br />
*[[What is a control group?]]<br />
*[[What are A-B-A designs?]]<br />
*[[What is an open-ended question?]]<br />
*[[What is external validity?]]<br />
*[[What is face validity?]]<br />
*[[What is internal validity?]]<br />
*[[What is snowball sampling?]]<br />
*[[What are bivariate statistics?]]<br />
*[[What are conceptual variables?]]<br />
*[[What are intervening variables?]]<br />
*[[What is a pilot study?]]<br />
*[[What is a sampling frame?]]<br />
*[[What is concurrent validity?]]<br />
*[[What is convergent validity?]]<br />
*[[What is an extraneous variable?]]<br />
*[[What is construct validity?]]<br />
*[[What is predictive validity?]]<br />
*[[What is discriminant validity?]]<br />
*[[What is a literature review?]]<br />
*[[What is a box plot?]]<br />
*[[What is a moderating variable?]] <br />
*[[What is a mediator?]] <br />
*[[What is qualitative research?]]<br />
*[[What is quantitative research?]]<br />
*[[What is ethnography?]]<br />
*[[What is participatory action research ? ]]<br />
*[[What is a reversal design?]]<br />
*[[What is a multiple baseline design?]]<br />
*[[What is a nested design?]]<br />
*[[What is a data point?]]<br />
*[[What is inclusion criteria?]]<br />
*[[What is history effects?]]<br />
*[[What is a significance level?]]<br />
*[[What is the latin square design?]]<br />
*[[What is inductive research?]]<br />
*[[What is a dependent groups design?]]<br />
*[[What is a matched groups design?]]<br />
*[[What is a multi-factor experiment?]]<br />
*[[What is a time series design?]]<br />
*[[What is deductive research?]]<br />
*[[What is descriptive research?]]<br />
*[[What is historical research?]]<br />
*[[What is naturalistic research?]]<br />
*[[What is a single-subject design?]]<br />
*[[What is an environmental variable?]]<br />
*[[What is an unobtrusive measure?]]<br />
*[[What is an unstructured interview?]]<br />
*[[What is conceptual replication?]]<br />
*[[What is contamination?]]<br />
*[[What is exact replication?]]<br />
<br />
}}<br />
<br />
<br />
{{TabsBottomRD}}</div>Doughttp://aggression.psychwiki.com/wiki/Research_DesignResearch Design2016-11-21T06:15:18Z<p>Doug: </p>
<hr />
<div>{{TopRD|<br />
<br />
|Column1=<br />
How to...<br />
*[[How to pick the correct research design for your study?]]<br />
*[[How to design manipulations without confounds?]]<br />
*[[How to craft open-ended questions?]]<br />
*[[How to craft closed-ended questions?]]<br />
*[[How is counterbalancing performed?]]<br />
*[[How can you avoid leading questions?]]<br />
*[[Self-report Questionnaires | How to find self-report questionnaires]]<br />
*[[How does a researcher establish experimental realism?]]<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
|Column2=<br />
Other types of practical questions... <br />
*[[How do cover stories help a researcher obtain more honest reporting from a participant?]]<br />
*[[How is deception important for obtaining truthful information from a subject?]] <br />
*[[How is a between-subjects factor different from a within-subjects factor?]]<br />
*[[How does mundane realism affect a study?]]<br />
*[[Does every research study have bias?]]<br />
*[[Can we generalize findings to the population with a case study?]]<br />
*[[Do extraneous variables affect all research?]]<br />
*[[Why is exact replication important to the research process?]]<br />
*[[Archives of data and stimuli|Where can I find archives of data or stimuli to use in my research?]]<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
*[[Content validity]]<br />
*[[Demand characteristics]]<br />
<br />
*[[What is a case study?]]<br />
*[[What is attrition?]]<br />
*[[What is anonymity?]]<br />
*[[What is a closed-ended question?]]<br />
*[[What is a double blind study?]]<br />
*[[What is a comparison group?]]<br />
*[[What is an experimental group?]]<br />
*[[What is a pretest-posttest design?]]<br />
*[[What is a pre-test?]]<br />
*[[What is a post-test?]]<br />
*[[What is a longitudinal design?]]<br />
*[[What is a variable?]]<br />
*[[What is cross-sectional design?]]<br />
*[[What is a carryover effect?]]<br />
*[[What is confounding?]]<br />
*[[What is convenience sampling?]]<br />
*[[What are factors?]]<br />
*[[What is a within-participants design?]]<br />
*[[What is a double-barreled question?]]<br />
*[[What are passive research designs?]]<br />
*[[What is a leading question?]] <br />
*[[What is an experiment?]]<br />
*[[What are subjects?]]<br />
*[[What are before-after research designs?]]<br />
*[[What are concepts?]]<br />
*[[What is a pilot study?]]<br />
*[[What is correlational research?]]<br />
*[[What are cohort effects?]]<br />
*[[What is counterbalancing?]]<br />
*[[What is a planned comparison?]] <br />
*[[What are experimental hypotheses?]]<br />
*[[What is related factorial design?]]<br />
*[[What is a controlled experiment?]]<br />
*[[What is a factorial design?]]<br />
*[[What is a condition?]]<br />
*[[What is a constant?]]<br />
*[[What is the likert scale?]]<br />
*[[What is a manipulation?]]<br />
*[[What is validity?]]<br />
*[[What is the scientific method?]]<br />
*[[What is observational research?]]<br />
*[[What is a cover story?]]<br />
*[[What is laboratory research?]]<br />
*[[What is a repeated measure design?]]<br />
*[[What is operationalization?]]<br />
*[[What is a selection bias? ]]<br />
*[[What are maturation threats?]]<br />
*[[What is constructive replication?]]<br />
*[[What is content validity?]]<br />
*[[What is differential attrition (mortality)?]]<br />
*[[What is ecological validity?]]<br />
*[[What is exploratory research?]]<br />
*[[What is measurement validity?]]<br />
*[[What is mundane realism?]]<br />
*[[What is Small N research?]]<br />
*[[What is temporal validity?]]<br />
*[[What is a baseline?]]<br />
*[[What is dichotomous?]]<br />
*[[What is a case-control study?]]<br />
*[[What is a control group?]]<br />
*[[What are A-B-A designs?]]<br />
*[[What is an open-ended question?]]<br />
*[[What is external validity?]]<br />
*[[What is face validity?]]<br />
*[[What is internal validity?]]<br />
*[[What is snowball sampling?]]<br />
*[[What are bivariate statistics?]]<br />
*[[What are conceptual variables?]]<br />
*[[What are intervening variables?]]<br />
*[[What is a pilot study?]]<br />
*[[What is a sampling frame?]]<br />
*[[What is concurrent validity?]]<br />
*[[What is convergent validity?]]<br />
*[[What is an extraneous variable?]]<br />
*[[What is construct validity?]]<br />
*[[What is predictive validity?]]<br />
*[[What is discriminant validity?]]<br />
*[[What is a literature review?]]<br />
*[[What is a box plot?]]<br />
*[[What is a moderating variable?]] <br />
*[[What is a mediator?]] <br />
*[[What is qualitative research?]]<br />
*[[What is quantitative research?]]<br />
*[[What is ethnography?]]<br />
*[[What is participatory action research ? ]]<br />
*[[What is a reversal design?]]<br />
*[[What is a multiple baseline design?]]<br />
*[[What is a nested design?]]<br />
*[[What is a data point?]]<br />
*[[What is inclusion criteria?]]<br />
*[[What is history effects?]]<br />
*[[What is a significance level?]]<br />
*[[What is the latin square design?]]<br />
*[[What is inductive research?]]<br />
*[[What is a dependent groups design?]]<br />
*[[What is a matched groups design?]]<br />
*[[What is a multi-factor experiment?]]<br />
*[[What is a time series design?]]<br />
*[[What is deductive research?]]<br />
*[[What is descriptive research?]]<br />
*[[What is historical research?]]<br />
*[[What is naturalistic research?]]<br />
*[[What is a single-subject design?]]<br />
*[[What is an environmental variable?]]<br />
*[[What is an unobtrusive measure?]]<br />
*[[What is an unstructured interview?]]<br />
*[[What is conceptual replication?]]<br />
*[[What is contamination?]]<br />
*[[What is exact replication?]]<br />
<br />
}}<br />
<br />
<br />
{{TabsBottomRD}}</div>Doughttp://aggression.psychwiki.com/wiki/Research_DesignResearch Design2016-11-21T06:14:05Z<p>Doug: </p>
<hr />
<div>{{TopRD|<br />
<br />
|Column1=<br />
How to...<br />
*[[How to pick the correct research design for your study?]]<br />
*[[How to design manipulations without confounds?]]<br />
*[[How to craft open-ended questions?]]<br />
*[[How to craft closed-ended questions?]]<br />
*[[How is counterbalancing performed?]]<br />
*[[How can you avoid leading questions?]]<br />
*[[Self-report Questionnaires | How to find self-report questionnaires]]<br />
*[[How does a researcher establish experimental realism?]]<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
|Column2=<br />
Other types of practical questions... <br />
*[[How do cover stories help a researcher obtain more honest reporting from a participant?]]<br />
*[[How is deception important for obtaining truthful information from a subject?]] <br />
*[[How is a between-subjects factor different from a within-subjects factor?]]<br />
*[[How does mundane realism affect a study?]]<br />
*[[Does every research study have bias?]]<br />
*[[Can we generalize findings to the population with a case study?]]<br />
*[[Do extraneous variables affect all research?]]<br />
*[[Why is exact replication important to the research process?]]<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
*[[Content validity]]<br />
*[[Demand characteristics]]<br />
*[[Archives of data and stimuli]]<br />
*[[What is a case study?]]<br />
*[[What is attrition?]]<br />
*[[What is anonymity?]]<br />
*[[What is a closed-ended question?]]<br />
*[[What is a double blind study?]]<br />
*[[What is a comparison group?]]<br />
*[[What is an experimental group?]]<br />
*[[What is a pretest-posttest design?]]<br />
*[[What is a pre-test?]]<br />
*[[What is a post-test?]]<br />
*[[What is a longitudinal design?]]<br />
*[[What is a variable?]]<br />
*[[What is cross-sectional design?]]<br />
*[[What is a carryover effect?]]<br />
*[[What is confounding?]]<br />
*[[What is convenience sampling?]]<br />
*[[What are factors?]]<br />
*[[What is a within-participants design?]]<br />
*[[What is a double-barreled question?]]<br />
*[[What are passive research designs?]]<br />
*[[What is a leading question?]] <br />
*[[What is an experiment?]]<br />
*[[What are subjects?]]<br />
*[[What are before-after research designs?]]<br />
*[[What are concepts?]]<br />
*[[What is a pilot study?]]<br />
*[[What is correlational research?]]<br />
*[[What are cohort effects?]]<br />
*[[What is counterbalancing?]]<br />
*[[What is a planned comparison?]] <br />
*[[What are experimental hypotheses?]]<br />
*[[What is related factorial design?]]<br />
*[[What is a controlled experiment?]]<br />
*[[What is a factorial design?]]<br />
*[[What is a condition?]]<br />
*[[What is a constant?]]<br />
*[[What is the likert scale?]]<br />
*[[What is a manipulation?]]<br />
*[[What is validity?]]<br />
*[[What is the scientific method?]]<br />
*[[What is observational research?]]<br />
*[[What is a cover story?]]<br />
*[[What is laboratory research?]]<br />
*[[What is a repeated measure design?]]<br />
*[[What is operationalization?]]<br />
*[[What is a selection bias? ]]<br />
*[[What are maturation threats?]]<br />
*[[What is constructive replication?]]<br />
*[[What is content validity?]]<br />
*[[What is differential attrition (mortality)?]]<br />
*[[What is ecological validity?]]<br />
*[[What is exploratory research?]]<br />
*[[What is measurement validity?]]<br />
*[[What is mundane realism?]]<br />
*[[What is Small N research?]]<br />
*[[What is temporal validity?]]<br />
*[[What is a baseline?]]<br />
*[[What is dichotomous?]]<br />
*[[What is a case-control study?]]<br />
*[[What is a control group?]]<br />
*[[What are A-B-A designs?]]<br />
*[[What is an open-ended question?]]<br />
*[[What is external validity?]]<br />
*[[What is face validity?]]<br />
*[[What is internal validity?]]<br />
*[[What is snowball sampling?]]<br />
*[[What are bivariate statistics?]]<br />
*[[What are conceptual variables?]]<br />
*[[What are intervening variables?]]<br />
*[[What is a pilot study?]]<br />
*[[What is a sampling frame?]]<br />
*[[What is concurrent validity?]]<br />
*[[What is convergent validity?]]<br />
*[[What is an extraneous variable?]]<br />
*[[What is construct validity?]]<br />
*[[What is predictive validity?]]<br />
*[[What is discriminant validity?]]<br />
*[[What is a literature review?]]<br />
*[[What is a box plot?]]<br />
*[[What is a moderating variable?]] <br />
*[[What is a mediator?]] <br />
*[[What is qualitative research?]]<br />
*[[What is quantitative research?]]<br />
*[[What is ethnography?]]<br />
*[[What is participatory action research ? ]]<br />
*[[What is a reversal design?]]<br />
*[[What is a multiple baseline design?]]<br />
*[[What is a nested design?]]<br />
*[[What is a data point?]]<br />
*[[What is inclusion criteria?]]<br />
*[[What is history effects?]]<br />
*[[What is a significance level?]]<br />
*[[What is the latin square design?]]<br />
*[[What is inductive research?]]<br />
*[[What is a dependent groups design?]]<br />
*[[What is a matched groups design?]]<br />
*[[What is a multi-factor experiment?]]<br />
*[[What is a time series design?]]<br />
*[[What is deductive research?]]<br />
*[[What is descriptive research?]]<br />
*[[What is historical research?]]<br />
*[[What is naturalistic research?]]<br />
*[[What is a single-subject design?]]<br />
*[[What is an environmental variable?]]<br />
*[[What is an unobtrusive measure?]]<br />
*[[What is an unstructured interview?]]<br />
*[[What is conceptual replication?]]<br />
*[[What is contamination?]]<br />
*[[What is exact replication?]]<br />
<br />
}}<br />
<br />
<br />
{{TabsBottomRD}}</div>Doughttp://aggression.psychwiki.com/wiki/Analyzing_DataAnalyzing Data2016-11-21T06:09:48Z<p>Doug: </p>
<hr />
<div>{{TopAD|<br />
<br />
|Column1=<br />
How to...<br />
*[[What is the difference between a type I and type II error?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between floor effects and ceiling effects?]]<br />
*[[How is a linear relationship different from a nonlinear/curvilinear relationship?]]<br />
*[[Are linear relationships helpful or harmful to a study?]]<br />
*[[How is a positive linear relationship different from a negative linear relationship?]]<br />
*[[How does confounding impact the research?]]<br />
*[[How is validity different from reliability?]]<br />
*[[How is a between-subjects ANOVA different from a within-subjects ANOVA?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between bimodal distribution and unimodal distributions?]]<br />
*[[What are the advantages/disadvantages of secondary data analysis?]]<br />
*[[How is interitem reliability different than interobserver reliability? ]]<br />
*[[How is continuous data different than categorical data?]]<br />
*[[How does variability impact research findings?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between descriptive statistics and inferential statistics?]]<br />
*[[What are the criticisms of hypothesis testing?]]<br />
*[[How do I calculate a sample size?]]<br />
*[[When do I use univariate analysis?]]<br />
*[[When do I use multivariate analysis?]]<br />
*[[How do I choose the appropriate statistical test for my data?]]<br />
*[[How do I create dummy variables?]]<br />
*[[How do I control for familywise error?]]<br />
*[[SLG-Meta-Q_%26_A]]<br />
*[[When do we use planned comparisons in research?]]<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
|Column2=<br />
Other types of practical questions... <br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
'''General''' <br />
* [[General tips]] <br />
* [[Marginal significance]] <br />
* [[Tips/tricks for using SPSS]] <br />
* [[Descriptive Statistics | What are "Descriptive Statistics"?]] <br />
* [[Inferential Statistics | What are "Inferential Statistics"?]] <br />
'''Data Screening''' <br />
* [[Purpose of Data Screening | What is the purpose of data screening/cleaning?]] <br />
* [[Data cleaning | Tips/tricks for Data cleaning]] <br />
* [[Checking Data Entry]]<br />
'''Missing Values''' <br />
* [[Missing Values | Why do missing values occur?]]<br />
* [[Problem of Missing Data | Why is missing data a problem?]]<br />
* [[Identifying Missing Data | How do I identify if missing values are random or non-random?]] <br />
* [[Dealing with Missing Data | How do I deal with missing data?]] <br />
'''Outliers'''<br />
* [[What are outliers?]] <br />
* [[Should I check for outliers?]] <br />
* [[How can I tell if outliers are influencing my data?]] <br />
* [[Detecting Outliers - Univariate | How do I detect univariate outliers in my data?]] <br />
* [[Detecting Outliers - Multivariate | How do I detect bivariate and multivariate outliers in my data?]] <br />
* [[Dealing with Outliers | How do I deal with outliers?]] <br />
<span style="font-size:95%; font-weight: bold;">►</span> '''Normality''' <br><br />
* [[What is "normality"?]] <br><br />
* [[Why is normality important?]] <br><br />
* [[How do I determine whether my data are normal?]] <br><br />
* [[How do I deal with non-normality?]] <br><br />
* [[How do I transform variables?]] <br><br />
*[[What is absolute change?]]<br />
*[[What is absolute difference?]]<br />
*[[What is the 68-95-99.7 rule?]]<br />
*[[What is absolute error?]]<br />
*[[What is boredom effect?]]<br />
*[[What is adjusted R^2?]]<br />
*[[What is bias?]]<br />
*[[What are the types of bias?]] <br />
*[[What is bimodal?]]<br />
*[[What is grand mean?]]<br />
*[[What is main effect?]]<br />
*[[What are floor effects?]]<br />
*[[What is the median?]]<br />
*[[Wnat is a normal distribution?]]<br />
*[[What is goodness-of-fit?]] <br />
*[[What is a Type I error?]] <br />
*[[What is a Type II error?]]<br />
*[[What is bivariate correlation?]] <br />
*[[What is test-retest reliability?]] <br />
*[[What is effect size?]]<br />
*[[What is the latent variable?]]<br />
*[[What are ceiling effects?]]<br />
*[[What is a positive linear relationship?]]<br />
*[[What is parsimony?]]<br />
*[[What is sampling error?]]<br />
*[[What is factorial ANOVA?]] <br />
*[[What is sampling bias?]]<br />
*[[What is a one-tailed test?]]<br />
*[[What is observer drift?]]<br />
*[[What is a one-tailed test?]]<br />
*[[What is the coefficient of determination?]]<br />
*[[What is correlation?]]<br />
*[[What is negative correlation?]]<br />
*[[What is univariate statistics?]]<br />
*[[What is central tendency?]]<br />
*[[What are the different types of central tendency?]]<br />
*[[What is a selection bias?]]<br />
*[[What is a linear relationship?]]<br />
*[[What is a nonlinear relationship?]]<br />
*[[What is a positive correlation?]]<br />
*[[What is an ecological fallacy?]]<br />
*[[What is inference?]]<br />
*[[What is a representative sample?]] <br />
*[[What is a direct relationship?]] <br />
*[[What is confirmation bias?]]<br />
*[[What is participation bias?]]<br />
*[[What is raw data?]]<br />
*[[What is a spurious relationship?]]<br />
*'''Statistical Tests'''<br />
- [[Meta-analysis]] <br><br />
- [[Mediation]] <br><br />
- [[What is an Interaction?]] <br><br />
- [[Interaction between two continuous variables]] <br><br />
- [[Interaction between categorical and continuous variables]] <br><br />
- [[What is a correlation?]] <br><br />
- [[What is a partial correlation?]] <br><br />
- [[What is a point-biserial correlation?]] <br><br />
- [[What is regression?]] <br><br />
- [[What is analysis of covariance (ANCOVA)?]] <br><br />
*[[What is analysis of variance (ANOVA)?]]<br />
*[[What is a one-way ANOVA?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between one-way analysis of variance and two-way analysis of variance?]]<br />
*'''Other'''<br />
- [[What is a scatterplot?]] <br><br />
- [[What is linearity?]] <br><br />
- [[Want help using SPSS?]] <br><br />
- [[What is "syntax" in SPSS?]] <br><br />
- [[Computational Modeling|What is Computational Modeling?]] <br><br />
- [[Rank-based nonparametric tests|What is a rank-based nonparametric test?]]<br />
*[[What is alpha?]]<br />
*[[What is a manipulation check?]]<br />
*[[How does one conduct a manipulation check?]]<br />
*'''Transforming continuous into categorical variables'''<br />
- [[Why transform continuous variables into categorical variables?]] <br><br />
- [[How to dichotomize variables?]] <br><br />
- [[Why cut into thirds or fourths instead of dichotomizing?]] <br><br />
*'''Composites'''<br />
- [[How do I create a composite of items?]] <br><br />
- [[Why create a composite of items?]] <br><br />
- [[How do I know when it is appropriate to create a composite?]] <br><br />
- [[How do I create a composite with items with different scale ranges?]] <br><br />
- [[How do I create a composite with items labeled in opposite directions?]] <br><br />
*[[What is generalizability?]]<br />
*[[What are the types of reliability?]]<br />
*[[What are marginal means?]]<br />
*[[What are beta weights?]]<br />
*[[What are paired-samples t-test?]]<br />
*[[What is a between-subjects ANOVA?]]<br />
*[[What is a bimodal distribution?]]<br />
*[[What is unimodal?]]<br />
*[[What is a confirmatory factor analysis?]]<br />
*[[What is a pairwise comparison?]]<br />
*[[What is a secondary data analysis?]]<br />
*[[What is a robust procedure?]]<br />
*[[What is best fit line?]]<br />
*[[What is analysis of covariance?]]<br />
*[[What is Cohen's d?]]<br />
*[[What is inter-item reliability?]]<br />
*[[What is left-skewed distribution?]]<br />
*[[What is power?]]<br />
*[[What is statistical significance?]]<br />
*[[What is the central limit theorem?]]<br />
*[[What is the restriction of range?]]<br />
*[[What is quantitative data?]]<br />
*[[What is regression to the mean?]]<br />
*[[What is a one-way design?]]<br />
*[[What is a randomized factorial design?]]<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
}}<br />
<br />
{{TabsBottomAD}}</div>Doughttp://aggression.psychwiki.com/wiki/Research_DesignResearch Design2016-11-21T06:09:31Z<p>Doug: </p>
<hr />
<div>{{TopRD|<br />
<br />
|Column1=<br />
How to...<br />
*[[How to pick the correct research design for your study?]]<br />
*[[How to design manipulations without confounds?]]<br />
*[[How to craft open-ended questions?]]<br />
*[[How to craft closed-ended questions?]]<br />
*[[How is counterbalancing performed?]]<br />
*[[How can you avoid leading questions?]]<br />
*[[Self-report Questionnaires | How to find self-report questionnaires]]<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
|Column2=<br />
Other types of practical questions... <br />
*[[What is the disadvantage of a double-barreled question?]]<br />
*[[How is a dependent variable different from an independent variable?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between a field experiment and an experiment?]]<br />
*[[What are the differences between closed-ended questions and open-ended questions?]]<br />
*[[What is a difference between a hypothesis and a null hypothesis?]] <br />
*[[How is a between-subjects factor different from a within-subjects factor?]]<br />
*[[What are the types of sampling?]]<br />
*[[How is a cover story useful to a study?]]<br />
*[[How do cover stories help a researcher obtain more honest reporting from a participant?]]<br />
*[[What are the advantages/disadvantages of laboratory research?]]<br />
*[[How do you perform operationalization?]]<br />
*[[Why is concurrent validity important?]]<br />
*[[What is the purpose of construct replication?]]<br />
*[[What are the most common types of exploratory research?]]<br />
*[[What are the advantages/disadvantages of generalizability?]]<br />
*[[What are the different types of generalizability?]]<br />
*[[How is inductive research different than deductive research?]]<br />
*[[How does mundane realism affect a study?]]<br />
*[[Why is applied research important?]]<br />
*[[How is deception important for obtaining truthful information from a subject?]] <br />
*[[How is construct validity different than external validity?]]<br />
*[[How is construct validity different than internal validity?]]<br />
*[[What are different types of confounds?]]<br />
*[[What are the advantages/disadvantages of a single blind study?]] <br />
*[[How does bias impact research findings?]]<br />
*[[Does every research study have bias?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between a dependent and independent design?]]<br />
*[[What is the purpose of descriptive research?]]<br />
*[[How is correlational research different than experimental research?]]<br />
*[[What are the advantages/disadvantages of historical research?]]<br />
*[[When do we use case studies?]]<br />
*[[Can we generalize findings to the population with a case study?]]<br />
*[[How is naturalistic research conducted?]]<br />
*[[What is the most important thing about action research?]]<br />
*[[What makes applied research different than other types of research?]]<br />
*[[What types of problems does basic research try to answer?]]<br />
*[[How does one conduct basic research?]]<br />
*[[Do extraneous variables affect all research?]]<br />
*[[What is the purpose of conceptual replication?]]<br />
*[[Why is exact replication important to the research process?]]<br />
*[[How does a researcher establish experimental realism?]]<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
*[[Content validity]]<br />
*[[Demand characteristics]]<br />
*[[Archives of data and stimuli]]<br />
*[[What is a case study?]]<br />
*[[What is attrition?]]<br />
*[[What is anonymity?]]<br />
*[[What is a closed-ended question?]]<br />
*[[What is a double blind study?]]<br />
*[[What is a comparison group?]]<br />
*[[What is an experimental group?]]<br />
*[[What is a pretest-posttest design?]]<br />
*[[What is a pre-test?]]<br />
*[[What is a post-test?]]<br />
*[[What is a longitudinal design?]]<br />
*[[What is a variable?]]<br />
*[[What is cross-sectional design?]]<br />
*[[What is a carryover effect?]]<br />
*[[What is confounding?]]<br />
*[[What is convenience sampling?]]<br />
*[[What are factors?]]<br />
*[[What is a within-participants design?]]<br />
*[[What is a double-barreled question?]]<br />
*[[What are passive research designs?]]<br />
*[[What is a leading question?]] <br />
*[[What is an experiment?]]<br />
*[[What are subjects?]]<br />
*[[What are before-after research designs?]]<br />
*[[What are concepts?]]<br />
*[[What is a pilot study?]]<br />
*[[What is correlational research?]]<br />
*[[What are cohort effects?]]<br />
*[[What is counterbalancing?]]<br />
*[[What is a planned comparison?]] <br />
*[[What are experimental hypotheses?]]<br />
*[[What is related factorial design?]]<br />
*[[What is a controlled experiment?]]<br />
*[[What is a factorial design?]]<br />
*[[What is a condition?]]<br />
*[[What is a constant?]]<br />
*[[What is the likert scale?]]<br />
*[[What is a manipulation?]]<br />
*[[What is validity?]]<br />
*[[What is the scientific method?]]<br />
*[[What is observational research?]]<br />
*[[What is a cover story?]]<br />
*[[What is laboratory research?]]<br />
*[[What is a repeated measure design?]]<br />
*[[What is operationalization?]]<br />
*[[What is a selection bias? ]]<br />
*[[What are maturation threats?]]<br />
*[[What is constructive replication?]]<br />
*[[What is content validity?]]<br />
*[[What is differential attrition (mortality)?]]<br />
*[[What is ecological validity?]]<br />
*[[What is exploratory research?]]<br />
*[[What is measurement validity?]]<br />
*[[What is mundane realism?]]<br />
*[[What is Small N research?]]<br />
*[[What is temporal validity?]]<br />
*[[What is a baseline?]]<br />
*[[What is dichotomous?]]<br />
*[[What is a case-control study?]]<br />
*[[What is a control group?]]<br />
*[[What are A-B-A designs?]]<br />
*[[What is an open-ended question?]]<br />
*[[What is external validity?]]<br />
*[[What is face validity?]]<br />
*[[What is internal validity?]]<br />
*[[What is snowball sampling?]]<br />
*[[What are bivariate statistics?]]<br />
*[[What are conceptual variables?]]<br />
*[[What are intervening variables?]]<br />
*[[What is a pilot study?]]<br />
*[[What is a sampling frame?]]<br />
*[[What is concurrent validity?]]<br />
*[[What is convergent validity?]]<br />
*[[What is an extraneous variable?]]<br />
*[[What is construct validity?]]<br />
*[[What is predictive validity?]]<br />
*[[What is discriminant validity?]]<br />
*[[What is a literature review?]]<br />
*[[What is a box plot?]]<br />
*[[What is a moderating variable?]] <br />
*[[What is a mediator?]] <br />
*[[What is qualitative research?]]<br />
*[[What is quantitative research?]]<br />
*[[What is ethnography?]]<br />
*[[What is participatory action research ? ]]<br />
*[[What is a reversal design?]]<br />
*[[What is a multiple baseline design?]]<br />
*[[What is a nested design?]]<br />
*[[What is a data point?]]<br />
*[[What is inclusion criteria?]]<br />
*[[What is history effects?]]<br />
*[[What is a significance level?]]<br />
*[[What is the latin square design?]]<br />
*[[What is inductive research?]]<br />
*[[What is a dependent groups design?]]<br />
*[[What is a matched groups design?]]<br />
*[[What is a multi-factor experiment?]]<br />
*[[What is a time series design?]]<br />
*[[What is deductive research?]]<br />
*[[What is descriptive research?]]<br />
*[[What is historical research?]]<br />
*[[What is naturalistic research?]]<br />
*[[What is a single-subject design?]]<br />
*[[What is an environmental variable?]]<br />
*[[What is an unobtrusive measure?]]<br />
*[[What is an unstructured interview?]]<br />
*[[What is conceptual replication?]]<br />
*[[What is contamination?]]<br />
*[[What is exact replication?]]<br />
<br />
}}<br />
<br />
<br />
{{TabsBottomRD}}</div>Doughttp://aggression.psychwiki.com/wiki/Research_DesignResearch Design2016-11-21T06:07:10Z<p>Doug: </p>
<hr />
<div>{{TopRD|<br />
<br />
|Column1=<br />
How to...<br />
*[[How to pick the correct research design for your study?]]<br />
*[[How to design manipulations without confounds?]]<br />
*[[How to craft open-ended questions?]]<br />
*[[How to craft closed-ended questions?]]<br />
*[[How is counterbalancing performed?]]<br />
*[[How can you avoid leading questions?]]<br />
*[[Self-report Questionnaires | How to find self-report questionnaires]]<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
|Column2=<br />
Other types of practical questions... <br />
*[[What is the disadvantage of a double-barreled question?]]<br />
*[[How is a dependent variable different from an independent variable?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between a field experiment and an experiment?]]<br />
*[[What are the differences between closed-ended questions and open-ended questions?]]<br />
*[[When do we use planned comparisons in research?]]<br />
*[[What is a difference between a hypothesis and a null hypothesis?]] <br />
*[[How is a between-subjects factor different from a within-subjects factor?]]<br />
*[[What are the types of sampling?]]<br />
*[[How is a cover story useful to a study?]]<br />
*[[How do cover stories help a researcher obtain more honest reporting from a participant?]]<br />
*[[What are the advantages/disadvantages of laboratory research?]]<br />
*[[How do you perform operationalization?]]<br />
*[[Why is concurrent validity important?]]<br />
*[[What is the purpose of construct replication?]]<br />
*[[What are the most common types of exploratory research?]]<br />
*[[What are the advantages/disadvantages of generalizability?]]<br />
*[[What are the different types of generalizability?]]<br />
*[[How is inductive research different than deductive research?]]<br />
*[[How does mundane realism affect a study?]]<br />
*[[Why is applied research important?]]<br />
*[[How is deception important for obtaining truthful information from a subject?]] <br />
*[[How is construct validity different than external validity?]]<br />
*[[How is construct validity different than internal validity?]]<br />
*[[What are different types of confounds?]]<br />
*[[What are the advantages/disadvantages of a single blind study?]] <br />
*[[How does bias impact research findings?]]<br />
*[[Does every research study have bias?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between a dependent and independent design?]]<br />
*[[What is the purpose of descriptive research?]]<br />
*[[How is correlational research different than experimental research?]]<br />
*[[What are the advantages/disadvantages of historical research?]]<br />
*[[When do we use case studies?]]<br />
*[[Can we generalize findings to the population with a case study?]]<br />
*[[How is naturalistic research conducted?]]<br />
*[[What is the most important thing about action research?]]<br />
*[[What makes applied research different than other types of research?]]<br />
*[[What types of problems does basic research try to answer?]]<br />
*[[How does one conduct basic research?]]<br />
*[[Do extraneous variables affect all research?]]<br />
*[[What is the purpose of conceptual replication?]]<br />
*[[Why is exact replication important to the research process?]]<br />
*[[How does a researcher establish experimental realism?]]<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
*[[Content validity]]<br />
*[[Demand characteristics]]<br />
*[[Archives of data and stimuli]]<br />
*[[What is a case study?]]<br />
*[[What is attrition?]]<br />
*[[What is anonymity?]]<br />
*[[What is a closed-ended question?]]<br />
*[[What is a double blind study?]]<br />
*[[What is a comparison group?]]<br />
*[[What is an experimental group?]]<br />
*[[What is a pretest-posttest design?]]<br />
*[[What is a pre-test?]]<br />
*[[What is a post-test?]]<br />
*[[What is a longitudinal design?]]<br />
*[[What is a variable?]]<br />
*[[What is cross-sectional design?]]<br />
*[[What is a carryover effect?]]<br />
*[[What is confounding?]]<br />
*[[What is convenience sampling?]]<br />
*[[What are factors?]]<br />
*[[What is a within-participants design?]]<br />
*[[What is a double-barreled question?]]<br />
*[[What are passive research designs?]]<br />
*[[What is a leading question?]] <br />
*[[What is an experiment?]]<br />
*[[What are subjects?]]<br />
*[[What are before-after research designs?]]<br />
*[[What are concepts?]]<br />
*[[What is a pilot study?]]<br />
*[[What is correlational research?]]<br />
*[[What are cohort effects?]]<br />
*[[What is counterbalancing?]]<br />
*[[What is a planned comparison?]] <br />
*[[What are experimental hypotheses?]]<br />
*[[What is related factorial design?]]<br />
*[[What is a controlled experiment?]]<br />
*[[What is a factorial design?]]<br />
*[[What is a condition?]]<br />
*[[What is a constant?]]<br />
*[[What is the likert scale?]]<br />
*[[What is a manipulation?]]<br />
*[[What is validity?]]<br />
*[[What is the scientific method?]]<br />
*[[What is observational research?]]<br />
*[[What is a cover story?]]<br />
*[[What is laboratory research?]]<br />
*[[What is a repeated measure design?]]<br />
*[[What is operationalization?]]<br />
*[[What is a selection bias? ]]<br />
*[[What are maturation threats?]]<br />
*[[What is constructive replication?]]<br />
*[[What is content validity?]]<br />
*[[What is differential attrition (mortality)?]]<br />
*[[What is ecological validity?]]<br />
*[[What is exploratory research?]]<br />
*[[What is measurement validity?]]<br />
*[[What is mundane realism?]]<br />
*[[What is Small N research?]]<br />
*[[What is temporal validity?]]<br />
*[[What is a baseline?]]<br />
*[[What is dichotomous?]]<br />
*[[What is a case-control study?]]<br />
*[[What is a control group?]]<br />
*[[What are A-B-A designs?]]<br />
*[[What is an open-ended question?]]<br />
*[[What is external validity?]]<br />
*[[What is face validity?]]<br />
*[[What is internal validity?]]<br />
*[[What is snowball sampling?]]<br />
*[[What are bivariate statistics?]]<br />
*[[What are conceptual variables?]]<br />
*[[What are intervening variables?]]<br />
*[[What is a pilot study?]]<br />
*[[What is a sampling frame?]]<br />
*[[What is concurrent validity?]]<br />
*[[What is convergent validity?]]<br />
*[[What is an extraneous variable?]]<br />
*[[What is construct validity?]]<br />
*[[What is predictive validity?]]<br />
*[[What is discriminant validity?]]<br />
*[[What is a literature review?]]<br />
*[[What is a box plot?]]<br />
*[[What is a moderating variable?]] <br />
*[[What is a mediator?]] <br />
*[[What is qualitative research?]]<br />
*[[What is quantitative research?]]<br />
*[[What is ethnography?]]<br />
*[[What is participatory action research ? ]]<br />
*[[What is a reversal design?]]<br />
*[[What is a multiple baseline design?]]<br />
*[[What is a nested design?]]<br />
*[[What is a data point?]]<br />
*[[What is inclusion criteria?]]<br />
*[[What is history effects?]]<br />
*[[What is a significance level?]]<br />
*[[What is the latin square design?]]<br />
*[[What is inductive research?]]<br />
*[[What is a dependent groups design?]]<br />
*[[What is a matched groups design?]]<br />
*[[What is a multi-factor experiment?]]<br />
*[[What is a time series design?]]<br />
*[[What is deductive research?]]<br />
*[[What is descriptive research?]]<br />
*[[What is historical research?]]<br />
*[[What is naturalistic research?]]<br />
*[[What is a single-subject design?]]<br />
*[[What is an environmental variable?]]<br />
*[[What is an unobtrusive measure?]]<br />
*[[What is an unstructured interview?]]<br />
*[[What is conceptual replication?]]<br />
*[[What is contamination?]]<br />
*[[What is exact replication?]]<br />
<br />
}}<br />
<br />
<br />
{{TabsBottomRD}}</div>Doughttp://aggression.psychwiki.com/wiki/Research_DesignResearch Design2016-11-21T06:06:08Z<p>Doug: </p>
<hr />
<div>{{TopRD|<br />
<br />
|Column1=<br />
How to...<br />
*[[How to pick the correct research design for your study?]]<br />
*[[How to design manipulations without confounds?]]<br />
*[[How to craft open-ended questions?]]<br />
*[[How to craft closed-ended questions?]]<br />
*[[How is counterbalancing performed?]]<br />
*[[How can you avoid leading questions?]]<br />
*[[Self-report Questionnaires | Access Self-report Questionnaires Online]]<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
|Column2=<br />
Other types of practical questions... <br />
*[[What is the disadvantage of a double-barreled question?]]<br />
*[[How is a dependent variable different from an independent variable?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between a field experiment and an experiment?]]<br />
*[[What are the differences between closed-ended questions and open-ended questions?]]<br />
*[[When do we use planned comparisons in research?]]<br />
*[[What is a difference between a hypothesis and a null hypothesis?]] <br />
*[[How is a between-subjects factor different from a within-subjects factor?]]<br />
*[[What are the types of sampling?]]<br />
*[[How is a cover story useful to a study?]]<br />
*[[How do cover stories help a researcher obtain more honest reporting from a participant?]]<br />
*[[What are the advantages/disadvantages of laboratory research?]]<br />
*[[How do you perform operationalization?]]<br />
*[[Why is concurrent validity important?]]<br />
*[[What is the purpose of construct replication?]]<br />
*[[What are the most common types of exploratory research?]]<br />
*[[What are the advantages/disadvantages of generalizability?]]<br />
*[[What are the different types of generalizability?]]<br />
*[[How is inductive research different than deductive research?]]<br />
*[[How does mundane realism affect a study?]]<br />
*[[Why is applied research important?]]<br />
*[[How is deception important for obtaining truthful information from a subject?]] <br />
*[[How is construct validity different than external validity?]]<br />
*[[How is construct validity different than internal validity?]]<br />
*[[What are different types of confounds?]]<br />
*[[What are the advantages/disadvantages of a single blind study?]] <br />
*[[How does bias impact research findings?]]<br />
*[[Does every research study have bias?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between a dependent and independent design?]]<br />
*[[What is the purpose of descriptive research?]]<br />
*[[How is correlational research different than experimental research?]]<br />
*[[What are the advantages/disadvantages of historical research?]]<br />
*[[When do we use case studies?]]<br />
*[[Can we generalize findings to the population with a case study?]]<br />
*[[How is naturalistic research conducted?]]<br />
*[[What is the most important thing about action research?]]<br />
*[[What makes applied research different than other types of research?]]<br />
*[[What types of problems does basic research try to answer?]]<br />
*[[How does one conduct basic research?]]<br />
*[[Do extraneous variables affect all research?]]<br />
*[[What is the purpose of conceptual replication?]]<br />
*[[Why is exact replication important to the research process?]]<br />
*[[How does a researcher establish experimental realism?]]<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
*[[Content validity]]<br />
*[[Demand characteristics]]<br />
*[[Archives of data and stimuli]]<br />
*[[What is a case study?]]<br />
*[[What is attrition?]]<br />
*[[What is anonymity?]]<br />
*[[What is a closed-ended question?]]<br />
*[[What is a double blind study?]]<br />
*[[What is a comparison group?]]<br />
*[[What is an experimental group?]]<br />
*[[What is a pretest-posttest design?]]<br />
*[[What is a pre-test?]]<br />
*[[What is a post-test?]]<br />
*[[What is a longitudinal design?]]<br />
*[[What is a variable?]]<br />
*[[What is cross-sectional design?]]<br />
*[[What is a carryover effect?]]<br />
*[[What is confounding?]]<br />
*[[What is convenience sampling?]]<br />
*[[What are factors?]]<br />
*[[What is a within-participants design?]]<br />
*[[What is a double-barreled question?]]<br />
*[[What are passive research designs?]]<br />
*[[What is a leading question?]] <br />
*[[What is an experiment?]]<br />
*[[What are subjects?]]<br />
*[[What are before-after research designs?]]<br />
*[[What are concepts?]]<br />
*[[What is a pilot study?]]<br />
*[[What is correlational research?]]<br />
*[[What are cohort effects?]]<br />
*[[What is counterbalancing?]]<br />
*[[What is a planned comparison?]] <br />
*[[What are experimental hypotheses?]]<br />
*[[What is related factorial design?]]<br />
*[[What is a controlled experiment?]]<br />
*[[What is a factorial design?]]<br />
*[[What is a condition?]]<br />
*[[What is a constant?]]<br />
*[[What is the likert scale?]]<br />
*[[What is a manipulation?]]<br />
*[[What is validity?]]<br />
*[[What is the scientific method?]]<br />
*[[What is observational research?]]<br />
*[[What is a cover story?]]<br />
*[[What is laboratory research?]]<br />
*[[What is a repeated measure design?]]<br />
*[[What is operationalization?]]<br />
*[[What is a selection bias? ]]<br />
*[[What are maturation threats?]]<br />
*[[What is constructive replication?]]<br />
*[[What is content validity?]]<br />
*[[What is differential attrition (mortality)?]]<br />
*[[What is ecological validity?]]<br />
*[[What is exploratory research?]]<br />
*[[What is measurement validity?]]<br />
*[[What is mundane realism?]]<br />
*[[What is Small N research?]]<br />
*[[What is temporal validity?]]<br />
*[[What is a baseline?]]<br />
*[[What is dichotomous?]]<br />
*[[What is a case-control study?]]<br />
*[[What is a control group?]]<br />
*[[What are A-B-A designs?]]<br />
*[[What is an open-ended question?]]<br />
*[[What is external validity?]]<br />
*[[What is face validity?]]<br />
*[[What is internal validity?]]<br />
*[[What is snowball sampling?]]<br />
*[[What are bivariate statistics?]]<br />
*[[What are conceptual variables?]]<br />
*[[What are intervening variables?]]<br />
*[[What is a pilot study?]]<br />
*[[What is a sampling frame?]]<br />
*[[What is concurrent validity?]]<br />
*[[What is convergent validity?]]<br />
*[[What is an extraneous variable?]]<br />
*[[What is construct validity?]]<br />
*[[What is predictive validity?]]<br />
*[[What is discriminant validity?]]<br />
*[[What is a literature review?]]<br />
*[[What is a box plot?]]<br />
*[[What is a moderating variable?]] <br />
*[[What is a mediator?]] <br />
*[[What is qualitative research?]]<br />
*[[What is quantitative research?]]<br />
*[[What is ethnography?]]<br />
*[[What is participatory action research ? ]]<br />
*[[What is a reversal design?]]<br />
*[[What is a multiple baseline design?]]<br />
*[[What is a nested design?]]<br />
*[[What is a data point?]]<br />
*[[What is inclusion criteria?]]<br />
*[[What is history effects?]]<br />
*[[What is a significance level?]]<br />
*[[What is the latin square design?]]<br />
*[[What is inductive research?]]<br />
*[[What is a dependent groups design?]]<br />
*[[What is a matched groups design?]]<br />
*[[What is a multi-factor experiment?]]<br />
*[[What is a time series design?]]<br />
*[[What is deductive research?]]<br />
*[[What is descriptive research?]]<br />
*[[What is historical research?]]<br />
*[[What is naturalistic research?]]<br />
*[[What is a single-subject design?]]<br />
*[[What is an environmental variable?]]<br />
*[[What is an unobtrusive measure?]]<br />
*[[What is an unstructured interview?]]<br />
*[[What is conceptual replication?]]<br />
*[[What is contamination?]]<br />
*[[What is exact replication?]]<br />
<br />
}}<br />
<br />
<br />
{{TabsBottomRD}}</div>Doughttp://aggression.psychwiki.com/wiki/Research_DesignResearch Design2016-11-21T05:47:17Z<p>Doug: </p>
<hr />
<div>{{TopRD|<br />
<br />
|Column1=<br />
How to...<br />
*[[How to pick the correct research design for your study?]]<br />
*[[How to design manipulations without confounds?]]<br />
*[[How to craft open-ended questions?]]<br />
*[[How to craft closed-ended questions?]]<br />
*[[How is counterbalancing performed?]]<br />
*[[How can you avoid leading questions?]]<br />
*[[Self-report Questionnaires | Access Self-report Questionnaires Online]]<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
*[[What is the disadvantage of a double-barreled question?]]<br />
*[[How is a dependent variable different from an independent variable?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between a field experiment and an experiment?]]<br />
*[[What are the differences between closed-ended questions and open-ended questions?]]<br />
*[[When do we use planned comparisons in research?]]<br />
*[[What is a difference between a hypothesis and a null hypothesis?]] <br />
*[[How is a between-subjects factor different from a within-subjects factor?]]<br />
*[[What are the types of sampling?]]<br />
*[[How is a cover story useful to a study?]]<br />
*[[How do cover stories help a researcher obtain more honest reporting from a participant?]]<br />
*[[What are the advantages/disadvantages of laboratory research?]]<br />
*[[How do you perform operationalization?]]<br />
*[[Why is concurrent validity important?]]<br />
*[[What is the purpose of construct replication?]]<br />
*[[What are the most common types of exploratory research?]]<br />
*[[What are the advantages/disadvantages of generalizability?]]<br />
*[[What are the different types of generalizability?]]<br />
*[[How is inductive research different than deductive research?]]<br />
*[[How does mundane realism affect a study?]]<br />
*[[Why is applied research important?]]<br />
*[[How is deception important for obtaining truthful information from a subject?]] <br />
*[[How is construct validity different than external validity?]]<br />
*[[How is construct validity different than internal validity?]]<br />
*[[What are different types of confounds?]]<br />
*[[What are the advantages/disadvantages of a single blind study?]] <br />
*[[How does bias impact research findings?]]<br />
*[[Does every research study have bias?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between a dependent and independent design?]]<br />
*[[What is the purpose of descriptive research?]]<br />
*[[How is correlational research different than experimental research?]]<br />
*[[What are the advantages/disadvantages of historical research?]]<br />
*[[When do we use case studies?]]<br />
*[[Can we generalize findings to the population with a case study?]]<br />
*[[How is naturalistic research conducted?]]<br />
*[[What is the most important thing about action research?]]<br />
*[[What makes applied research different than other types of research?]]<br />
*[[What types of problems does basic research try to answer?]]<br />
*[[How does one conduct basic research?]]<br />
*[[Do extraneous variables affect all research?]]<br />
*[[What is the purpose of conceptual replication?]]<br />
*[[Why is exact replication important to the research process?]]<br />
*[[How does a researcher establish experimental realism?]]<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
|Column2=<br />
Other types of practical questions... <br />
*[[Content validity]]<br />
*[[Demand characteristics]]<br />
*[[Archives of data and stimuli]]<br />
*[[What is a case study?]]<br />
*[[What is attrition?]]<br />
*[[What is anonymity?]]<br />
*[[What is a closed-ended question?]]<br />
*[[What is a double blind study?]]<br />
*[[What is a comparison group?]]<br />
*[[What is an experimental group?]]<br />
*[[What is a pretest-posttest design?]]<br />
*[[What is a pre-test?]]<br />
*[[What is a post-test?]]<br />
*[[What is a longitudinal design?]]<br />
*[[What is a variable?]]<br />
*[[What is cross-sectional design?]]<br />
*[[What is a carryover effect?]]<br />
*[[What is confounding?]]<br />
*[[What is convenience sampling?]]<br />
*[[What are factors?]]<br />
*[[What is a within-participants design?]]<br />
*[[What is a double-barreled question?]]<br />
*[[What are passive research designs?]]<br />
*[[What is a leading question?]] <br />
*[[What is an experiment?]]<br />
*[[What are subjects?]]<br />
*[[What are before-after research designs?]]<br />
*[[What are concepts?]]<br />
*[[What is a pilot study?]]<br />
*[[What is correlational research?]]<br />
*[[What are cohort effects?]]<br />
*[[What is counterbalancing?]]<br />
*[[What is a planned comparison?]] <br />
*[[What are experimental hypotheses?]]<br />
*[[What is related factorial design?]]<br />
*[[What is a controlled experiment?]]<br />
*[[What is a factorial design?]]<br />
*[[What is a condition?]]<br />
*[[What is a constant?]]<br />
*[[What is the likert scale?]]<br />
*[[What is a manipulation?]]<br />
*[[What is validity?]]<br />
*[[What is the scientific method?]]<br />
*[[What is observational research?]]<br />
*[[What is a cover story?]]<br />
*[[What is laboratory research?]]<br />
*[[What is a repeated measure design?]]<br />
*[[What is operationalization?]]<br />
*[[What is a selection bias? ]]<br />
*[[What are maturation threats?]]<br />
*[[What is constructive replication?]]<br />
*[[What is content validity?]]<br />
*[[What is differential attrition (mortality)?]]<br />
*[[What is ecological validity?]]<br />
*[[What is exploratory research?]]<br />
*[[What is measurement validity?]]<br />
*[[What is mundane realism?]]<br />
*[[What is Small N research?]]<br />
*[[What is temporal validity?]]<br />
*[[What is a baseline?]]<br />
*[[What is dichotomous?]]<br />
*[[What is a case-control study?]]<br />
*[[What is a control group?]]<br />
*[[What are A-B-A designs?]]<br />
*[[What is an open-ended question?]]<br />
*[[What is external validity?]]<br />
*[[What is face validity?]]<br />
*[[What is internal validity?]]<br />
*[[What is snowball sampling?]]<br />
*[[What are bivariate statistics?]]<br />
*[[What are conceptual variables?]]<br />
*[[What are intervening variables?]]<br />
*[[What is a pilot study?]]<br />
*[[What is a sampling frame?]]<br />
*[[What is concurrent validity?]]<br />
*[[What is convergent validity?]]<br />
*[[What is an extraneous variable?]]<br />
*[[What is construct validity?]]<br />
*[[What is predictive validity?]]<br />
*[[What is discriminant validity?]]<br />
*[[What is a literature review?]]<br />
*[[What is a box plot?]]<br />
*[[What is a moderating variable?]] <br />
*[[What is a mediator?]] <br />
*[[What is qualitative research?]]<br />
*[[What is quantitative research?]]<br />
*[[What is ethnography?]]<br />
*[[What is participatory action research ? ]]<br />
*[[What is a reversal design?]]<br />
*[[What is a multiple baseline design?]]<br />
*[[What is a nested design?]]<br />
*[[What is a data point?]]<br />
*[[What is inclusion criteria?]]<br />
*[[What is history effects?]]<br />
*[[What is a significance level?]]<br />
*[[What is the latin square design?]]<br />
*[[What is inductive research?]]<br />
*[[What is a dependent groups design?]]<br />
*[[What is a matched groups design?]]<br />
*[[What is a multi-factor experiment?]]<br />
*[[What is a time series design?]]<br />
*[[What is deductive research?]]<br />
*[[What is descriptive research?]]<br />
*[[What is historical research?]]<br />
*[[What is naturalistic research?]]<br />
*[[What is a single-subject design?]]<br />
*[[What is an environmental variable?]]<br />
*[[What is an unobtrusive measure?]]<br />
*[[What is an unstructured interview?]]<br />
*[[What is conceptual replication?]]<br />
*[[What is contamination?]]<br />
*[[What is exact replication?]]<br />
<br />
}}<br />
<br />
<br />
{{TabsBottomRD}}</div>Doughttp://aggression.psychwiki.com/wiki/Research_DesignResearch Design2016-11-21T05:46:46Z<p>Doug: </p>
<hr />
<div>{{TopRD|<br />
<br />
|Column1=<br />
<br />
How to...<br />
*[[How to pick the correct research design for your study?]]<br />
*[[How to design manipulations without confounds?]]<br />
*[[How to craft open-ended questions?]]<br />
*[[How to craft closed-ended questions?]]<br />
*[[How is counterbalancing performed?]]<br />
*[[How can you avoid leading questions?]]<br />
*[[Self-report Questionnaires | Access Self-report Questionnaires Online]]<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
*[[What is the disadvantage of a double-barreled question?]]<br />
*[[How is a dependent variable different from an independent variable?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between a field experiment and an experiment?]]<br />
*[[What are the differences between closed-ended questions and open-ended questions?]]<br />
*[[When do we use planned comparisons in research?]]<br />
*[[What is a difference between a hypothesis and a null hypothesis?]] <br />
*[[How is a between-subjects factor different from a within-subjects factor?]]<br />
*[[What are the types of sampling?]]<br />
*[[How is a cover story useful to a study?]]<br />
*[[How do cover stories help a researcher obtain more honest reporting from a participant?]]<br />
*[[What are the advantages/disadvantages of laboratory research?]]<br />
*[[How do you perform operationalization?]]<br />
*[[Why is concurrent validity important?]]<br />
*[[What is the purpose of construct replication?]]<br />
*[[What are the most common types of exploratory research?]]<br />
*[[What are the advantages/disadvantages of generalizability?]]<br />
*[[What are the different types of generalizability?]]<br />
*[[How is inductive research different than deductive research?]]<br />
*[[How does mundane realism affect a study?]]<br />
*[[Why is applied research important?]]<br />
*[[How is deception important for obtaining truthful information from a subject?]] <br />
*[[How is construct validity different than external validity?]]<br />
*[[How is construct validity different than internal validity?]]<br />
*[[What are different types of confounds?]]<br />
*[[What are the advantages/disadvantages of a single blind study?]] <br />
*[[How does bias impact research findings?]]<br />
*[[Does every research study have bias?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between a dependent and independent design?]]<br />
*[[What is the purpose of descriptive research?]]<br />
*[[How is correlational research different than experimental research?]]<br />
*[[What are the advantages/disadvantages of historical research?]]<br />
*[[When do we use case studies?]]<br />
*[[Can we generalize findings to the population with a case study?]]<br />
*[[How is naturalistic research conducted?]]<br />
*[[What is the most important thing about action research?]]<br />
*[[What makes applied research different than other types of research?]]<br />
*[[What types of problems does basic research try to answer?]]<br />
*[[How does one conduct basic research?]]<br />
*[[Do extraneous variables affect all research?]]<br />
*[[What is the purpose of conceptual replication?]]<br />
*[[Why is exact replication important to the research process?]]<br />
*[[How does a researcher establish experimental realism?]]<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
|Column2=<br />
<br />
Other types of practical questions... <br />
<br />
*[[Content validity]]<br />
*[[Demand characteristics]]<br />
*[[Archives of data and stimuli]]<br />
*[[What is a case study?]]<br />
*[[What is attrition?]]<br />
*[[What is anonymity?]]<br />
*[[What is a closed-ended question?]]<br />
*[[What is a double blind study?]]<br />
*[[What is a comparison group?]]<br />
*[[What is an experimental group?]]<br />
*[[What is a pretest-posttest design?]]<br />
*[[What is a pre-test?]]<br />
*[[What is a post-test?]]<br />
*[[What is a longitudinal design?]]<br />
*[[What is a variable?]]<br />
*[[What is cross-sectional design?]]<br />
*[[What is a carryover effect?]]<br />
*[[What is confounding?]]<br />
*[[What is convenience sampling?]]<br />
*[[What are factors?]]<br />
*[[What is a within-participants design?]]<br />
*[[What is a double-barreled question?]]<br />
*[[What are passive research designs?]]<br />
*[[What is a leading question?]] <br />
*[[What is an experiment?]]<br />
*[[What are subjects?]]<br />
*[[What are before-after research designs?]]<br />
*[[What are concepts?]]<br />
*[[What is a pilot study?]]<br />
*[[What is correlational research?]]<br />
*[[What are cohort effects?]]<br />
*[[What is counterbalancing?]]<br />
*[[What is a planned comparison?]] <br />
*[[What are experimental hypotheses?]]<br />
*[[What is related factorial design?]]<br />
*[[What is a controlled experiment?]]<br />
*[[What is a factorial design?]]<br />
*[[What is a condition?]]<br />
*[[What is a constant?]]<br />
*[[What is the likert scale?]]<br />
*[[What is a manipulation?]]<br />
*[[What is validity?]]<br />
*[[What is the scientific method?]]<br />
*[[What is observational research?]]<br />
*[[What is a cover story?]]<br />
*[[What is laboratory research?]]<br />
*[[What is a repeated measure design?]]<br />
*[[What is operationalization?]]<br />
*[[What is a selection bias? ]]<br />
*[[What are maturation threats?]]<br />
*[[What is constructive replication?]]<br />
*[[What is content validity?]]<br />
*[[What is differential attrition (mortality)?]]<br />
*[[What is ecological validity?]]<br />
*[[What is exploratory research?]]<br />
*[[What is measurement validity?]]<br />
*[[What is mundane realism?]]<br />
*[[What is Small N research?]]<br />
*[[What is temporal validity?]]<br />
*[[What is a baseline?]]<br />
*[[What is dichotomous?]]<br />
*[[What is a case-control study?]]<br />
*[[What is a control group?]]<br />
*[[What are A-B-A designs?]]<br />
*[[What is an open-ended question?]]<br />
*[[What is external validity?]]<br />
*[[What is face validity?]]<br />
*[[What is internal validity?]]<br />
*[[What is snowball sampling?]]<br />
*[[What are bivariate statistics?]]<br />
*[[What are conceptual variables?]]<br />
*[[What are intervening variables?]]<br />
*[[What is a pilot study?]]<br />
*[[What is a sampling frame?]]<br />
*[[What is concurrent validity?]]<br />
*[[What is convergent validity?]]<br />
*[[What is an extraneous variable?]]<br />
*[[What is construct validity?]]<br />
*[[What is predictive validity?]]<br />
*[[What is discriminant validity?]]<br />
*[[What is a literature review?]]<br />
*[[What is a box plot?]]<br />
*[[What is a moderating variable?]] <br />
*[[What is a mediator?]] <br />
*[[What is qualitative research?]]<br />
*[[What is quantitative research?]]<br />
*[[What is ethnography?]]<br />
*[[What is participatory action research ? ]]<br />
*[[What is a reversal design?]]<br />
*[[What is a multiple baseline design?]]<br />
*[[What is a nested design?]]<br />
*[[What is a data point?]]<br />
*[[What is inclusion criteria?]]<br />
*[[What is history effects?]]<br />
*[[What is a significance level?]]<br />
*[[What is the latin square design?]]<br />
*[[What is inductive research?]]<br />
*[[What is a dependent groups design?]]<br />
*[[What is a matched groups design?]]<br />
*[[What is a multi-factor experiment?]]<br />
*[[What is a time series design?]]<br />
*[[What is deductive research?]]<br />
*[[What is descriptive research?]]<br />
*[[What is historical research?]]<br />
*[[What is naturalistic research?]]<br />
*[[What is a single-subject design?]]<br />
*[[What is an environmental variable?]]<br />
*[[What is an unobtrusive measure?]]<br />
*[[What is an unstructured interview?]]<br />
*[[What is conceptual replication?]]<br />
*[[What is contamination?]]<br />
*[[What is exact replication?]]<br />
<br />
}}<br />
<br />
<br />
{{TabsBottomRD}}</div>Doughttp://aggression.psychwiki.com/wiki/Research_DesignResearch Design2016-11-21T05:45:54Z<p>Doug: </p>
<hr />
<div>{{TopRD|<br />
<br />
|Column1=<br />
How to...<br />
*[[How to pick the correct research design for your study?]]<br />
*[[How to design manipulations without confounds?]]<br />
*[[How to craft open-ended questions?]]<br />
*[[How to craft closed-ended questions?]]<br />
*[[How is counterbalancing performed?]]<br />
*[[How can you avoid leading questions?]]<br />
*[[Self-report Questionnaires | Access Self-report Questionnaires Online]]<br />
*[[<br />
*[[<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
*[[What is the disadvantage of a double-barreled question?]]<br />
*[[How is a dependent variable different from an independent variable?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between a field experiment and an experiment?]]<br />
*[[What are the differences between closed-ended questions and open-ended questions?]]<br />
*[[When do we use planned comparisons in research?]]<br />
*[[What is a difference between a hypothesis and a null hypothesis?]] <br />
*[[How is a between-subjects factor different from a within-subjects factor?]]<br />
*[[What are the types of sampling?]]<br />
*[[How is a cover story useful to a study?]]<br />
*[[How do cover stories help a researcher obtain more honest reporting from a participant?]]<br />
*[[What are the advantages/disadvantages of laboratory research?]]<br />
*[[How do you perform operationalization?]]<br />
*[[Why is concurrent validity important?]]<br />
*[[What is the purpose of construct replication?]]<br />
*[[What are the most common types of exploratory research?]]<br />
*[[What are the advantages/disadvantages of generalizability?]]<br />
*[[What are the different types of generalizability?]]<br />
*[[How is inductive research different than deductive research?]]<br />
*[[How does mundane realism affect a study?]]<br />
*[[Why is applied research important?]]<br />
*[[How is deception important for obtaining truthful information from a subject?]] <br />
*[[How is construct validity different than external validity?]]<br />
*[[How is construct validity different than internal validity?]]<br />
*[[What are different types of confounds?]]<br />
*[[What are the advantages/disadvantages of a single blind study?]] <br />
*[[How does bias impact research findings?]]<br />
*[[Does every research study have bias?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between a dependent and independent design?]]<br />
*[[What is the purpose of descriptive research?]]<br />
*[[How is correlational research different than experimental research?]]<br />
*[[What are the advantages/disadvantages of historical research?]]<br />
*[[When do we use case studies?]]<br />
*[[Can we generalize findings to the population with a case study?]]<br />
*[[How is naturalistic research conducted?]]<br />
*[[What is the most important thing about action research?]]<br />
*[[What makes applied research different than other types of research?]]<br />
*[[What types of problems does basic research try to answer?]]<br />
*[[How does one conduct basic research?]]<br />
*[[Do extraneous variables affect all research?]]<br />
*[[What is the purpose of conceptual replication?]]<br />
*[[Why is exact replication important to the research process?]]<br />
*[[How does a researcher establish experimental realism?]]<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
|Column2=<br />
Other types of practical questions... <br />
<br />
*[[Content validity]]<br />
*[[Demand characteristics]]<br />
*[[Archives of data and stimuli]]<br />
*[[What is a case study?]]<br />
*[[What is attrition?]]<br />
*[[What is anonymity?]]<br />
*[[What is a closed-ended question?]]<br />
*[[What is a double blind study?]]<br />
*[[What is a comparison group?]]<br />
*[[What is an experimental group?]]<br />
*[[What is a pretest-posttest design?]]<br />
*[[What is a pre-test?]]<br />
*[[What is a post-test?]]<br />
*[[What is a longitudinal design?]]<br />
*[[What is a variable?]]<br />
*[[What is cross-sectional design?]]<br />
*[[What is a carryover effect?]]<br />
*[[What is confounding?]]<br />
*[[What is convenience sampling?]]<br />
*[[What are factors?]]<br />
*[[What is a within-participants design?]]<br />
*[[What is a double-barreled question?]]<br />
*[[What are passive research designs?]]<br />
*[[What is a leading question?]] <br />
*[[What is an experiment?]]<br />
*[[What are subjects?]]<br />
*[[What are before-after research designs?]]<br />
*[[What are concepts?]]<br />
*[[What is a pilot study?]]<br />
*[[What is correlational research?]]<br />
*[[What are cohort effects?]]<br />
*[[What is counterbalancing?]]<br />
*[[What is a planned comparison?]] <br />
*[[What are experimental hypotheses?]]<br />
*[[What is related factorial design?]]<br />
*[[What is a controlled experiment?]]<br />
*[[What is a factorial design?]]<br />
*[[What is a condition?]]<br />
*[[What is a constant?]]<br />
*[[What is the likert scale?]]<br />
*[[What is a manipulation?]]<br />
*[[What is validity?]]<br />
*[[What is the scientific method?]]<br />
*[[What is observational research?]]<br />
*[[What is a cover story?]]<br />
*[[What is laboratory research?]]<br />
*[[What is a repeated measure design?]]<br />
*[[What is operationalization?]]<br />
*[[What is a selection bias? ]]<br />
*[[What are maturation threats?]]<br />
*[[What is constructive replication?]]<br />
*[[What is content validity?]]<br />
*[[What is differential attrition (mortality)?]]<br />
*[[What is ecological validity?]]<br />
*[[What is exploratory research?]]<br />
*[[What is measurement validity?]]<br />
*[[What is mundane realism?]]<br />
*[[What is Small N research?]]<br />
*[[What is temporal validity?]]<br />
*[[What is a baseline?]]<br />
*[[What is dichotomous?]]<br />
*[[What is a case-control study?]]<br />
*[[What is a control group?]]<br />
*[[What are A-B-A designs?]]<br />
*[[What is an open-ended question?]]<br />
*[[What is external validity?]]<br />
*[[What is face validity?]]<br />
*[[What is internal validity?]]<br />
*[[What is snowball sampling?]]<br />
*[[What are bivariate statistics?]]<br />
*[[What are conceptual variables?]]<br />
*[[What are intervening variables?]]<br />
*[[What is a pilot study?]]<br />
*[[What is a sampling frame?]]<br />
*[[What is concurrent validity?]]<br />
*[[What is convergent validity?]]<br />
*[[What is an extraneous variable?]]<br />
*[[What is construct validity?]]<br />
*[[What is predictive validity?]]<br />
*[[What is discriminant validity?]]<br />
*[[What is a literature review?]]<br />
*[[What is a box plot?]]<br />
*[[What is a moderating variable?]] <br />
*[[What is a mediator?]] <br />
*[[What is qualitative research?]]<br />
*[[What is quantitative research?]]<br />
*[[What is ethnography?]]<br />
*[[What is participatory action research ? ]]<br />
*[[What is a reversal design?]]<br />
*[[What is a multiple baseline design?]]<br />
*[[What is a nested design?]]<br />
*[[What is a data point?]]<br />
*[[What is inclusion criteria?]]<br />
*[[What is history effects?]]<br />
*[[What is a significance level?]]<br />
*[[What is the latin square design?]]<br />
*[[What is inductive research?]]<br />
*[[What is a dependent groups design?]]<br />
*[[What is a matched groups design?]]<br />
*[[What is a multi-factor experiment?]]<br />
*[[What is a time series design?]]<br />
*[[What is deductive research?]]<br />
*[[What is descriptive research?]]<br />
*[[What is historical research?]]<br />
*[[What is naturalistic research?]]<br />
*[[What is a single-subject design?]]<br />
*[[What is an environmental variable?]]<br />
*[[What is an unobtrusive measure?]]<br />
*[[What is an unstructured interview?]]<br />
*[[What is conceptual replication?]]<br />
*[[What is contamination?]]<br />
*[[What is exact replication?]]<br />
<br />
}}<br />
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{{TabsBottomRD}}</div>Doughttp://aggression.psychwiki.com/wiki/Analyzing_DataAnalyzing Data2016-11-21T05:37:15Z<p>Doug: </p>
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How to...<br />
*[[What is the difference between a type I and type II error?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between floor effects and ceiling effects?]]<br />
*[[How is a linear relationship different from a nonlinear/curvilinear relationship?]]<br />
*[[Are linear relationships helpful or harmful to a study?]]<br />
*[[How is a positive linear relationship different from a negative linear relationship?]]<br />
*[[How does confounding impact the research?]]<br />
*[[How is validity different from reliability?]]<br />
*[[How is a between-subjects ANOVA different from a within-subjects ANOVA?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between bimodal distribution and unimodal distributions?]]<br />
*[[What are the advantages/disadvantages of secondary data analysis?]]<br />
*[[How is interitem reliability different than interobserver reliability? ]]<br />
*[[How is continuous data different than categorical data?]]<br />
*[[How does variability impact research findings?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between descriptive statistics and inferential statistics?]]<br />
*[[What are the criticisms of hypothesis testing?]]<br />
*[[How do I calculate a sample size?]]<br />
*[[When do I use univariate analysis?]]<br />
*[[When do I use multivariate analysis?]]<br />
*[[How do I choose the appropriate statistical test for my data?]]<br />
*[[How do I create dummy variables?]]<br />
*[[How do I control for familywise error?]]<br />
*[[SLG-Meta-Q_%26_A]]<br />
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Other types of practical questions... <br />
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'''General''' <br />
* [[General tips]] <br />
* [[Marginal significance]] <br />
* [[Tips/tricks for using SPSS]] <br />
* [[Descriptive Statistics | What are "Descriptive Statistics"?]] <br />
* [[Inferential Statistics | What are "Inferential Statistics"?]] <br />
'''Data Screening''' <br />
* [[Purpose of Data Screening | What is the purpose of data screening/cleaning?]] <br />
* [[Data cleaning | Tips/tricks for Data cleaning]] <br />
* [[Checking Data Entry]]<br />
'''Missing Values''' <br />
* [[Missing Values | Why do missing values occur?]]<br />
* [[Problem of Missing Data | Why is missing data a problem?]]<br />
* [[Identifying Missing Data | How do I identify if missing values are random or non-random?]] <br />
* [[Dealing with Missing Data | How do I deal with missing data?]] <br />
'''Outliers'''<br />
* [[What are outliers?]] <br />
* [[Should I check for outliers?]] <br />
* [[How can I tell if outliers are influencing my data?]] <br />
* [[Detecting Outliers - Univariate | How do I detect univariate outliers in my data?]] <br />
* [[Detecting Outliers - Multivariate | How do I detect bivariate and multivariate outliers in my data?]] <br />
* [[Dealing with Outliers | How do I deal with outliers?]] <br />
<span style="font-size:95%; font-weight: bold;">►</span> '''Normality''' <br><br />
* [[What is "normality"?]] <br><br />
* [[Why is normality important?]] <br><br />
* [[How do I determine whether my data are normal?]] <br><br />
* [[How do I deal with non-normality?]] <br><br />
* [[How do I transform variables?]] <br><br />
*[[What is absolute change?]]<br />
*[[What is absolute difference?]]<br />
*[[What is the 68-95-99.7 rule?]]<br />
*[[What is absolute error?]]<br />
*[[What is boredom effect?]]<br />
*[[What is adjusted R^2?]]<br />
*[[What is bias?]]<br />
*[[What are the types of bias?]] <br />
*[[What is bimodal?]]<br />
*[[What is grand mean?]]<br />
*[[What is main effect?]]<br />
*[[What are floor effects?]]<br />
*[[What is the median?]]<br />
*[[Wnat is a normal distribution?]]<br />
*[[What is goodness-of-fit?]] <br />
*[[What is a Type I error?]] <br />
*[[What is a Type II error?]]<br />
*[[What is bivariate correlation?]] <br />
*[[What is test-retest reliability?]] <br />
*[[What is effect size?]]<br />
*[[What is the latent variable?]]<br />
*[[What are ceiling effects?]]<br />
*[[What is a positive linear relationship?]]<br />
*[[What is parsimony?]]<br />
*[[What is sampling error?]]<br />
*[[What is factorial ANOVA?]] <br />
*[[What is sampling bias?]]<br />
*[[What is a one-tailed test?]]<br />
*[[What is observer drift?]]<br />
*[[What is a one-tailed test?]]<br />
*[[What is the coefficient of determination?]]<br />
*[[What is correlation?]]<br />
*[[What is negative correlation?]]<br />
*[[What is univariate statistics?]]<br />
*[[What is central tendency?]]<br />
*[[What are the different types of central tendency?]]<br />
*[[What is a selection bias?]]<br />
*[[What is a linear relationship?]]<br />
*[[What is a nonlinear relationship?]]<br />
*[[What is a positive correlation?]]<br />
*[[What is an ecological fallacy?]]<br />
*[[What is inference?]]<br />
*[[What is a representative sample?]] <br />
*[[What is a direct relationship?]] <br />
*[[What is confirmation bias?]]<br />
*[[What is participation bias?]]<br />
*[[What is raw data?]]<br />
*[[What is a spurious relationship?]]<br />
*'''Statistical Tests'''<br />
- [[Meta-analysis]] <br><br />
- [[Mediation]] <br><br />
- [[What is an Interaction?]] <br><br />
- [[Interaction between two continuous variables]] <br><br />
- [[Interaction between categorical and continuous variables]] <br><br />
- [[What is a correlation?]] <br><br />
- [[What is a partial correlation?]] <br><br />
- [[What is a point-biserial correlation?]] <br><br />
- [[What is regression?]] <br><br />
- [[What is analysis of covariance (ANCOVA)?]] <br><br />
*[[What is analysis of variance (ANOVA)?]]<br />
*[[What is a one-way ANOVA?]]<br />
*[[What is the difference between one-way analysis of variance and two-way analysis of variance?]]<br />
*'''Other'''<br />
- [[What is a scatterplot?]] <br><br />
- [[What is linearity?]] <br><br />
- [[Want help using SPSS?]] <br><br />
- [[What is "syntax" in SPSS?]] <br><br />
- [[Computational Modeling|What is Computational Modeling?]] <br><br />
- [[Rank-based nonparametric tests|What is a rank-based nonparametric test?]]<br />
*[[What is alpha?]]<br />
*[[What is a manipulation check?]]<br />
*[[How does one conduct a manipulation check?]]<br />
*'''Transforming continuous into categorical variables'''<br />
- [[Why transform continuous variables into categorical variables?]] <br><br />
- [[How to dichotomize variables?]] <br><br />
- [[Why cut into thirds or fourths instead of dichotomizing?]] <br><br />
*'''Composites'''<br />
- [[How do I create a composite of items?]] <br><br />
- [[Why create a composite of items?]] <br><br />
- [[How do I know when it is appropriate to create a composite?]] <br><br />
- [[How do I create a composite with items with different scale ranges?]] <br><br />
- [[How do I create a composite with items labeled in opposite directions?]] <br><br />
*[[What is generalizability?]]<br />
*[[What are the types of reliability?]]<br />
*[[What are marginal means?]]<br />
*[[What are beta weights?]]<br />
*[[What are paired-samples t-test?]]<br />
*[[What is a between-subjects ANOVA?]]<br />
*[[What is a bimodal distribution?]]<br />
*[[What is unimodal?]]<br />
*[[What is a confirmatory factor analysis?]]<br />
*[[What is a pairwise comparison?]]<br />
*[[What is a secondary data analysis?]]<br />
*[[What is a robust procedure?]]<br />
*[[What is best fit line?]]<br />
*[[What is analysis of covariance?]]<br />
*[[What is Cohen's d?]]<br />
*[[What is inter-item reliability?]]<br />
*[[What is left-skewed distribution?]]<br />
*[[What is power?]]<br />
*[[What is statistical significance?]]<br />
*[[What is the central limit theorem?]]<br />
*[[What is the restriction of range?]]<br />
*[[What is quantitative data?]]<br />
*[[What is regression to the mean?]]<br />
*[[What is a one-way design?]]<br />
*[[What is a randomized factorial design?]]<br />
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{{TabsBottomAD}}</div>Doughttp://aggression.psychwiki.com/wiki/Research_IdeaResearch Idea2016-11-21T05:35:27Z<p>Doug: </p>
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How to...<br />
*[[How to find research topics?]] <br />
*[[How to generate research ideas?]] <br />
*[[How to choose which topics to pursue?]] <br />
*[[How to conduct a program of research?]] <br />
*[[How to translate topics into research questions?]] <br />
*[[How to translate questions into research Hypotheses?]]<br />
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Other types of practical questions...<br />
*[[How many hypothesis can a study have?]]<br />
*[[Do all studies have hypothesis?]]<br />
*[[What is the purpose of a hypothesis?]]<br />
*[[How is an alternative hypothesis different from the null hypothesis?]]<br />
*[[What are the benefits of being parsimonious?]]<br />
*[[Why do we have alternate hypothesis in research?]]<br />
*[[Does a research study always need a theory?]]<br />
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{{TabsBottomRI}}</div>Doug